Individuation and Identity in Early Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant
Philosophy in the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries has traditionally been characterized as being primarily concerned with epistemological issues. This book is not intended to overturn this characterization but rather to balance it through an examination of equally important metaphysical, or ontological, positions held, explicitly or implicitly, by philosophers in this period.
Major philosophers whose views are discussed in this book include Descartes, Malebranche, Spinoza, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Leibniz, Wolff, and Kant. In addition, the contributors of minor Cartesians, especially Regis and Desgabets, are analyzed in a separate chapter. Although the views of early modern philosophers on individuation and identity have been discussed before, these discussions have usually been treated as asides in a larger context. This book is the first to concentrate on the problems of individuation and identity in early modern philosophy and to trace their philosophical development through the period in a coherent way.
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The Problem of Individuation among the Cartesians
Descartes and the Individuation of Physical Objects
Malebranche and the Individuation of Perceptual Objects
Spinozas Theory of Metaphysical Individuation
The Scheme of Simple
Berkeley Individuation and Physical Objects
Substance and Self in Locke and Hume
Leibnizs Principle of Individuation in His Disputatio
Christian Wolff on Individuation
Notes on Contributors
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according actions analysis animal appearances argues argument Berkeley body Cartesian Chapter claim color common complete concept concerned condition consciousness considered consists constitutes contains continuity course created define definition Descartes Descartes's determinate discussion distinction distinguished entity essence example existence experience explain extension fact follows given human Hume ideas identity important indi interpretation issue Kant kind knowledge laws least Leibniz Locke Locke's Malebranche material mathematical matter means metaphysical mind modes motion and rest namely nature numerical objects ontological particular perceive perceptions person personal identity philosophy physical physical objects position possible present Press principle of individuation problem properties qualities quantity question ratio reason refer Regis relation seems sense simple sort soul space species Spinoza stance substance suggest theory things thinking thought tion tradition turn understanding unity University whole Wolff