Militarization, Democracy, and Development: The Perils of Praetorianism in Latin America

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Penn State Press, Nov 1, 2010 - Political Science
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Do Third World countries benefit from having large militaries, or does this impede their development? Kirk Bowman uses statistical analysis to demonstrate that militarization has had a particularly malignant impact in this region. For his quantitative comparison he draws on longitudinal data for a sample of 76 developing countries and for 18 Latin American nations.

To illuminate the causal mechanisms at work, Bowman offers a detailed comparison of Costa Rica and Honduras between 1948 and 1998. The case studies not only serve to bolster his general argument about the harmful effects of militarization but also provide many new insights into the processes of democratic consolidation and economic transformation in these two Central American countries.

 

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Contents

Militarization and Development
3
Militarization
19
bullets versus ballots militarization and democracy
43
Taming the Tiger
45
When Ballots Trump Bullets
69
When Bullets Trump Ballots
141
guns versus butter militarization economic growth and equity
181
Guns Versus Butter
183
Escaping the Lost Decade
207
summation
243
Conclusion
245
References
255
Index
281
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About the author (2010)

Kirk S. Bowman is Assistant Professor at The Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology.

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