Industrial Decision-making and High-risk Technology: Siting Nuclear Power Facilities in the USSR

Front Cover
Rowman & Littlefield, 1994 - Social Science - 211 pages
Nuclear power, one of the most controversial examples of high-risk technology, often sparks debates concerning safety and environmental contamination. Much of the opposition to nuclear power plants stems from the issue of plant siting, mostly because of its direct impact on individuals. This is the first book to study the controversy created by high-risk technology within the former Soviet Union. The U.S.S.R., particularly since the Chernobyl accident, has undergone a number of changes in the decision-making processes, participants, and policies utilized in the choosing of plant site. Charles K. Dodd explores the decision-making processes that were used in the U.S.S.R. when nuclear power plant sites were chosen and examines how they were manipulated over time. This is an important contribution to the historical study of policy formulation and compromise in the U.S.S.R.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
1
Nature and Purpose of the Book
2
Research Design and Sources
3
Organization of the Book
4
Note on Transliteration and Place Names
5
Conceptualizing the Nuclear Facility Siting Issue
9
DecisionMaking Participants and Their Criteria
12
The Institutional Setting and the DecisionMaking Process
15
PostChernobyl Changes in Nuclear Policy
105
Reactor Technology
107
Siting Policy
110
Information Policy
113
Notes
114
New Participants in the DecisionMaking Process Public and Local Government Opposition
119
Local Opposition to Nuclear Power 19861991
120
Issues
122

Tradeoff and Compromise in the Siting Decision
18
DecisionMaking and the Geographic and Temporal Patterns of Nuclear Industry Development
20
Notes
22
Overview of the Soviet Energy Sector
29
Development of Conventional Primary Fuels
33
Development of the Electric Power Industry
37
Heat Supply
41
Nuclear Power as an Alternative Energy Source
42
Notes
47
The Institutional Setting in the Soviet Nuclear Power Industry Early Years to 1986
53
Institutions Involved in Site Selection
57
Decision Criteria and Institutional Bias
60
Siting and Safety Regulatory Framework
63
Characterizing the Institutional Setting
66
Notes
68
Policy in the Soviet Nuclear Power Industry Early Years to 1986
73
Siting Scale and Technology 19711980
76
Siting Scale and Technology 19811986
88
Notes
95
Forms of Public Opposition
123
Local Government Opposition
126
Local Opposition and Its Effect on the Soviet Nuclear Industry
130
Notes
131
The Legacy of Soviet DecisionMaking and Nuclear Power
137
Changing Local Attitudes
143
The Third Dimension of InfluenceThe West
145
Making Sense of Soviet and PostSoviet Experience
146
Notes
149
Operational Reactors and Stations in the USSR
153
Public Opposition at Selected Sites 19861991
156
Public Opposition to Selected Power Stations
159
Reactors and Stations in Operation or under Construction in the Newly Independent States of the Former USSR December 1992
177
Glossary
181
Bibliography
187
Index
207
About the Author
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 188 - According to calculations for the Five- Year Plan for the Development of the National Economy in 1971-1975...
Page 198 - Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies', British Journal of Political Science , vol 16, no 1...

About the author (1994)

Charles K. Dodd is a researcher at the University of Washington.

Bibliographic information