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ancient appliances art of engraving art of gem art of Intaglio artistic merit Babylonian bear beautiful became become British Museum cameo carat carefully caused celebrated century chalcedony Charles Kean classic collection colour commenced consequently cornelian crushed diamond crystal Cupid and Psyche cylinder detail device Devonshire Devonshire House diamond paste Dioscorides drill edges Edward Renton Egyptians elegant engraved gems engraved stone Engraver's Lathe engraving on stone envelope excellent engravers fact finger-ring finished fixed point foregoing gain this result gem engraving gently graving gummed H.R.H. Princess hard stones head HERALDRY hole imitation impression inches intaglio engraving interesting lapidary Lorenzo de Medici Majesty the Queen mandril Medusa ment metal necessary obtain painted perfectly period Phocion placed powder present day Priam Princess of Wales Princess's Theatre produced revolving rotary motion scratch Seal of H.R.H. signet Steel Pestle style surface take a piece tion tool wealthy and refined
Page 11 - Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it on Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold...
Page 75 - ... the hair, &c., were indicated by the use of the round-headed drill, and that the dieshaped tool must have been used for hollowing out the figure, and used again in various sizes for the purpose of adding the arms, feet, and fingers ; but the fixed point was still largely employed in finishing the details, such as the folds of the dress, portions of the hair, and the minute accessories and ornaments.
Page 74 - ... alternately drawn and propelled backwards and forwards caused the drill to revolve rapidly. Beyond this evidence we have fortunately preserved to us the several parts of an actual drill used by the ancients, the action of which is identical with the one just described, with the exception that, instead of being grasped by a central socket, it is held upright by the aid of a small hollow • block of wood shaped like a thimble. which not only served as a bearing, but also protected the hand of...
Page 14 - ... intricate or difficult they reproduced in miniature even to the minutest details, all the beauties of colossal statuary, groups, single figures, heads, and even portraits of contemporary men, women, and children. We are forcibly reminded of the extreme durability of the engraved gem, when we reflect that some at the present time contained in our museums and collections have been buried in tombs or in the earth ; others have been thrown upon the shore and washed by the sea, or exposed to fire,...
Page 102 - It will doubtless appear strange, especially to those acquainted with painting on canvas, etc., that in crystal work, the subject being painted from the back in oil colour and viewed from the front, necessitates its being painted backwards. Thus the high lights, and such portions of the subject as would form the last touches in oil-painting are with the crystal painter the first to receive attention.
Page 21 - ... (Francis I.). In 1519, he received a royal bounty in the sum of 112 livres to reimburse him for money expended in the purchase of tools and appliances necessary in the production of this work. The medal mentioned here is in reality the Double Ducat of Milan, with bust of Francis I. Only two specimens are known, one of which is in the Paris Medal Cabinet. The Pattern Testoon by Double Ducat of Francis I. for Milan. Matteo exists in gold and silver, in two varieties.
Page 80 - ... generally fail to obtain either. Dioscorides, the celebrated Greek, practised his art during the reign of Augustus, with such success that his name is still honoured as that of an engraver of the highest reputation.
Page 7 - ... hole, the object evidently being intended for mounting as the head of a mace or staff of office. This is engraved with a Babylonian inscription which, translated, reads as follows : " I Sargon the King, King of Agade have dedicated (this) to Samos in Sappira.