NATO's Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe

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Taylor & Francis, Nov 19, 2004 - History - 336 pages
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This fascinating new study shows how the CIA and the British secret service, in collaboration with the military alliance NATO and European military secret services, set up a network of clandestine anti-communist armies in Western Europe after World War II.

These secret soldiers were trained on remote islands in the Mediterranean and in unorthodox warfare centres in England and in the United States by the Green Berets and SAS Special Forces. The network was armed with explosives, machine guns and high-tech communication equipment hidden in underground bunkers and secret arms caches in forests and mountain meadows. In some countries the secret army linked up with right-wing terrorist who in a secret war engaged in political manipulation, harrassement of left wing parties, massacres, coup d'états and torture.

Codenamed 'Gladio' ('the sword'), the Italian secret army was exposed in 1990 by Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti to the Italian Senate, whereupon the press spoke of "The best kept, and most damaging, political-military secret since World War II" (Observer, 18. November 1990) and observed that "The story seems straight from the pages of a political thriller." (The Times, November 19, 1990). Ever since, so-called 'stay-behind' armies of NATO have also been discovered in France, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland, Austria, Greece and Turkey. They were internationally coordinated by the Pentagon and NATO and had their last known meeting in the NATO-linked Allied Clandestine Committee (ACC) in Brussels in October 1990.

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This book has been priced so high--$39.00 up to $180--that it might as well be censored. I wonder who is behind this pricing and what their agenda is? Don't mean to sound paranoid, but no legitimate publisher would charge so much for this book. I'm surely not buying it.

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This book throws light into areas of government that that certainly the United States and UK elite would rather we didn't know. Indicating that Western leaders are willing to go to any lengths to achieve criminal neo-nazi objectives undermining democracy anywhere it happens to begin to take hold.
George Orwell wrote 1984 in 1948 after working with the Indian service of the BBC producing propaganda for dissemination in India. The activities of NATO since the war make me wonder how much Orwell knew about the policies to be followed by the rich and powerful policymakers of the post war world. Was1984 a play on 1948. Ganser's English leaves much to be desired but this is of little significance when considered in the light of the revelations it makes about world politics today. This book makes clear that 9/11 conspiracy theories must be considered in the light of right wing terrorist attacks carried out by Western governments setting out to manipulate populations with lies and subversion of basic democratic principals. It raises the question - Who are the terrorists?

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About the author (2004)

Daniel Ganser is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies at the Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland. He studied at Basel University in Switzerland, at Amsterdam University (UVA) in the Netherlands, and at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) in England. He has published on the role of the United Nations in the Cuban conflict, Switzerland's path towards the United Nations and Switzerland's position outside the European Union.

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