A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945
Cambridge University Press, Dec 16, 2010 - History
This is the final volume in a four-part series covering the development of the university in Europe (east and west) from its origins to the present day, focusing on a number of major themes viewed from a European perspective. The originality of the series lies in its comparative, interdisciplinary, collaborative and transnational nature. It deals also with the content of what was taught at the universities, but its main purpose is an appreciation of the role and structures of the universities as seen against a backdrop of changing conditions, ideas and values. This volume deals with the reconstruction and epoch-making expansion of higher education after 1945, which led to the triumph of modern science. It traces the development of the relationship between universities and national states, teachers and students, their ambitions and political activities. Special attention is paid to fundamental changes in the content of teaching at the universities.
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A. H. Halsey academic administrative American became Bologna Process British century Clark and Neave colleges course cultural curricula deﬁned deﬁnition degree democratic difﬁcult disciplines doctors Eastern Europe economic employment Encyclopedia established European countries European universities exact sciences expansion faculties Federal Republic ﬁelds ﬁnancial ﬁnancing ﬁnd ﬁrst France funding Germany graduates grandes ecoles higher education increased inﬂuence institutions London medical education medicine ment Netherlands non-university OECD ofﬁcers ofﬁcial organization Oxford Paris period Poland political Polytechnic post-war postgraduate professional professors programmes qualiﬁcation R¨uegg reﬂected reform role Romania schools scientiﬁc scientists Second World Second World War sector signiﬁcant sity social sciences society sociology Soviet Soviet Union speciﬁc staff structure student movement Studium generale Sweden teaching Teichler tion traditional undergraduate Union United Kingdom univer Universit¨aten university teachers versity Western