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Review of Related Literature
The History and Background of Bahasa Malaysia
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adaptation adjectives affixes apt equivalent substitutes Arabic assimilated Bahasa dan Pustaka Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Malaysia Bahasa Melayu Berita Harian bilingual blends borrowing from English calques Chapter classified Common Spelling System compound consonant letter-sequence cultural derived Dewan Bahasa dialects domains Dutch English influence English loanwords English terms English words example factors Fishman foreign form classes grammatical graphemes Haji Omar Haugen hybrid creations importation induced creations instance JKTBM Kamus Dewan Kuala Lumpur kulit Language Planning large number lexical expansion lexical innovation lexical items linguistic loan translations loanblends loanshifts Malay equivalent Malay language Malay words meaning modernisation morphemes national language native creations newspapers nouns orthographical phonemes phonological planned and spontaneous planned area polysemy prefix pronunciation pure loanwords reduplication Sanskrit semantic extensions speakers specialised spontaneous area standardisation structure suffix syllables syntactic calques terminology development texts tion total number University of Malaya Utusan Malaysia verbs vocabulary vowel letter Weinreich word-formation