The Sylva Americana: Or, A Description of the Forest Trees Indigenous to the United States, Practically and Botanically Considered

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W. Hyde & Company, 1832 - Arboriculture - 408 pages
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Page 6 - Men seldom plant trees till they begin to be wise, that is, till they grow old, and find by experience the prudence and necessity of it.
Page 345 - ... trees are desired; then, with the budding-knife, make a horizontal cut across the rind, quite through to the firm wood ; from the middle of this transverse cut make a slit downward, perpendicularly, an inch or more long, going also quite through to the wood. This done, proceed with all expedition to take off a bud ; holding the cutting...
Page 75 - If the injured ear is struck with the finger, the powder will be dispersed like n cloud of black smoke ; and if a portion of the powder is wetted by a drop of water and put under the microscope, it will be found to consist of millions of minute and transparent globules, which seem to be composed of a clear and glairy fluid, encompassed by a thin and skinny membrane.
Page 233 - ... of the summits of those that are felled for timber, and of limbs broken off by the ice which sometimes overloads the leaves. It is worthy of remark that the branches of resinous trees consist almost wholly of wood, of which the organization is even more perfect than in the body of the tree.
Page 344 - INOCULATION, or BUDDING.—" The object in budding is the same as in grafting, and depends on the same principle ; all the difference between a bud and a scion being that a bud is a shoot or scion in embryo. " A new application of budding has been made by Knight. It is that of transferring ' a part of the abundant blossom-buds from one tree to the barren branches of others.
Page 303 - ... to 100 acres in extent, some of which are accessible only in the winter when they are frozen and covered with several feet of snow. It abounds exactly in proportion to the...
Page 344 - When grafting has been omitted, or has failed, in spring, budding comes in as an auxiliary in summer. " Season of budding. — The operation of common budding is performed any time from the beginning of July to the middle of August ; the criterion being the formation of buds in the axillae of the leaf of the present year. The buds are known to be ready by the shield or portion of bark, to which they are attached, easily parting with the wood. The buds preferred are generally those on the middle of...
Page 253 - Genessee, where the winter is rigorous, the cotton wood is seventy or eighty feet in height and three or four feet in diameter. The leaves are deltoid, or trowel-shaped, approaching to cordiform, always longer than they are broad, glabrous and equally toothed ; the petioles are compressed and of a yellowish green, with two glands of the same color at the base; the branches are angular, and the angles form whitish lines, which persist even in the adult age of the tree. The female aments are six or...
Page 107 - Trees offering this disposition are rare, and do not exist in the proportion of one to a hundred. The serpentine direction of the fibre, which renders them difficult to split and to work, produces, in the hands of a skilful mechanic, the most beautiful effects of light and shade. These effects are rendered more striking, if, after smoothing the surface of the wood with a double-ironed plane, it is rubbed with a little sulphuric acid, and afterwards anointed with linseed oil.
Page 348 - Sinclair describes an improved mode of slit-planting," as follows : The operator with his spade makes three cuts, twelve or fifteen inches long, crossing each other in the centre, at an angle of sixty degrees, the whole having the form of a star. He inserts his spade across one of the rays (a), a few inches from the centre, and on the side next himself; then bending the handle towards himself and almost to the ground, the earth opening in fissures from the centre in the direction of the cuts that...

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