Munich and Memory: Architecture, Monuments, and the Legacy of the Third Reich
Munich, notorious in recent history as the capital of the Nazi movement, is the site of Gavriel Rosenfeld's stimulating inquiry into the German collective memory of the Third Reich. Rosenfeld shows, with the aid of a wealth of photographs, how the city's urban form developed after 1945 in direct reflection of its inhabitants' evolving memory of the Second World War and the Nazi dictatorship.
In the second half of the twentieth century, the German people's struggle to come to terms with the legacy of Nazism has dramatically shaped nearly all dimensions of their political, social, and cultural life. The area of urban development and the built environment, little explored until now, offers visible evidence of the struggle. By examining the ways in which the people of Munich reconstructed the ruins of their historic buildings, created new works of architecture, dealt with surviving Nazi buildings, and erected new monuments to commemorate the horrors of the recent past, Rosenfeld identifies a spectrum of competing memories of the Nazi experience.
Munich’s postwar development was the subject of constant controversy, pitting representatives of contending aesthetic and mnemonic positions against one another in the heated battle to shape the city’s urban form. Examining the debates between traditionalists, modernists, postmodernists, and critical preservationists, Rosenfeld shows that the memory of Nazism in Munich has never been "repressed" but has rather been defined by constant dissension and evolution. On balance, however, he concludes that Munich came to embody in its urban form a conservative view of the past that was inclined to diminish local responsibility for the Third Reich.
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aesthetic Alte Pinakothek architect argued Armeemuseum attempt Bauen Baumeister Bavarian Bayerische Bayern Bekh Berlin BLfD Branca building's citizens citv city council city's commemorative construction critical preservation cultural damaged debate demolished demolition denazification Denkmal Denkmalpflege destruction Deutsche Deutschen early postwar Eckstein Ehrentempel erected Erwin Schleich facade Feldherrnhalle fiir Fritz Gerlich Geschichte Gestapo Hackelsberger Hans Ehard Hauptstadt Haus der Kunst Heimat groups historic preservation historic preservationists Hitler Josef July Karl Konigsplatz Landtag legacy letter March Marienplatz Meitinger memory Miinchen Miinchner modern architecture modernist monument Munchen Munchner Munich Munich city museum National Nationalsozialismus Nazi architecture Nazi buildings Nazi past Nazism Neue Neue Pinakothek normalization November NSDAP officials Peterskirche plaque political postmodern postwar Munich proposal rebuild reconstruction reflected regime Residenz Residenztheater restoration restorationist rubble Rudolf ruins Sattler Scholl Siegestor Stadt Stadtrat StAMii/RP StAMu/RP structures symbolic Third Reich tion tradition traditionalists urban victims wartime Wiederaufbau Wolfgang
Page 5 - Halbwachs observes that space is 'a reality that endures', thus we can understand how we recapture the past only by understanding how it is preserved by our physical surroundings ( 1950: 84-8). In The Legendary Topography of the Gospels in the Holy Land, Halbwachs (1941) demonstrates the working of memory. He shows how Jews, Romans, Christians and Muslims rewrote the history of Jerusalem by remodelling the space according to their religious...
Page 2 - Coming to terms with the past" does not imply a serious working through of the past, the breaking of its spell through an act of clear consciousness. It suggests, rather, wishing to turn the page and, if possible, wiping it from memory. The attitude that it would be proper for everything to be forgiven and forgotten by those who were wronged is...