Science and Religion: Baden Powell and the Anglican Debate, 1800-1860
Science and Religion assesses the impact of social, political and intellectual change upon Anglican circles, with reference to Oxford University in the decades that followed the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. More particularly, the career of Baden Powell, father of the more famous founder of the Boy Scout movement, offers material for an important case-study in intellectual and political reorientation: his early militancy in right-wing Anglican movements slowly turned to a more tolerant attitude towards radical theological, philosophical and scientific trends. During the 1840s and 1850s, Baden Powell became a fearless proponent of new dialogues in transcendentalism in theology, positivism in philosophy, and pre-Darwinian evolutionary theories in biology. He was for instance the first prominent Anglican to express full support for Darwin's Origin of Species. Analysis of his many publications, and of his interaction with such contemporaries as Richard Whately, John Henry and Francis Newman, Robert Chambers, William Benjamin Carpenter, George Henry Lewes and George Eliot, reveals hitherto unnoticed dimensions of mid-nineteenth-century British intellectual and social life.
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admission of Dissenters Anglican Church Anon approach argument authority Baden Powell Bampton Lectures Blanco White Bodleian Library Bridgewater Treatise British Critic Buckland’s Cambridge Carpenter causes Christian apologetic colleagues concept Connexion contemporary contribution convinced Copleston creation cultural Cuvier Darwin deﬁnition Discourse discussion divine doctrines England epistemological evidence evidential examination ﬁnal ﬁrst Francis Newman French friends Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire geologists geology God’s Hackney Hackney leaders Hackney Phalanx Hampden Hawkins Herschel High Church ideas inductive inﬁdelity inﬂuence inquiry intellectual interpretation investigation issue Lamarck Lectures letter logical London Lyell man’s mathematical Mildert Mill’s miracles natural theology naturalists nineteenth century Noetic Oriel Oriel College Oxford Papers phenomena physical political Powell’s principle put forward question rational reﬂections reform relationship between science religion religious represented revelation sabbath scientiﬁc scriptures Sedgwick sermon signiﬁcant social Society Stewart Theism theologians theory Tractarians truth Unitarian University Vestiges Whately Whately’s Whewell Whewell’s William Whewell