Trapping of Small Organisms Moving Randomly: Principles and Applications to Pest Monitoring and Management
Springer, Mar 31, 2015 - Science - 114 pages
This new book is the first to make logical and important connections between trapping and foraging ecology. It develops and describes—both verbally and mathematically--the underlying principles that determine and define trap-organism interactions. More important, it goes on to explain and illustrate how these principles and relationships can be used to estimate absolute population densities in the landscape and to address an array of important problems relating to the use of trapping for detection, population estimation, and suppression in both research and applied contexts. The breakthrough nature of subject matter described has broad fundamental and applied implications for research for addressing important real-world problems in agriculture, ecology, public health and conservation biology. Monitoring traps baited with potent attractants of animals like insects have long played a critical role in revealing what pests are present and when they are active. However, pest managers have been laboring without the tools necessary for quick and inexpensive determination of absolute pest density, which is the cornerstone of pest management decisions. This book spans the gamut from highly theoretical and fundamental research to very practical applications that will be widely useful across all of agriculture.
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absolute density animals annulus area approach ballistic movers beetles behavior c.s.d. values catch numbers Chap codling moth competing traps computer simulations computer-simulated conformal radius corn rootworm crop demonstrated deployed diameter ellipsoid plume elliptical plume equation estimate example experiment focal trap foraging frequency histogram graph grid of traps growers gypsy moth increased insect inverse of x-intercept J. R. Miller MAG plot slope males mass trapping mating disruption maximum Mden meander measured mid-edge Miller plot mover origin multiple-release number of movers Organisms Moving Randomly perimeter pest control pest management decisions pine sawfly plume reach population probability proportion random walkers randomly seeded release distances resource sampling sawfly sea lamprey sex pheromone single trap Small Organisms Moving snow crabs SpringerBriefs in Ecology spTfer data steps of 1.0 tden value Tfer values track trap competition trapping area trapping grid Trapping of Small trapping radius trapping run units Weston movers displacing x-axis