The Psalms of Asaph and the Pentateuch: Studies in the Psalter, III
The Asaph psalms (50, 73-83) are a unity. They often call God 'Elohim' and 'El', and the people 'Joseph', as Amos does; they appeal to Israelite history, the exodus and the covenant; they are written in the face of military catastrophe. In this suggestive and brilliant work, Goulder argues that they were composed in Bethel in the 720s for use as the psalmody for the autumn festival. This gives us vital new evidence for the history of the Pentateuch: there was at Bethel a historical tradition from at least the time of the oppression in Egypt to the Solomonic Empire; the Asaphites took this tradition to Jerusalem and their descendants were the Deuteronomists.
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Aaron Abraham anger Asaph psalms Asaphite Assyrian Bethel Canaanite Chapter Chron Chronicles commandments covenant David Delitzsch Deut Deuteronomy difﬁcult divine Edom Egypt Egyptian Elohist enemy Ephraim Exile Exod Exodus Ezra feast festal festival ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂock genealogy Genesis gloss God’s gods Goulder Gunkel Hamath hand Hebrew holy Hosea Israel Israelite Jacob Jerusalem Joseph Joshua Judah judge king Korah Korah psalms Korahites Kraus lament land later Levites liturgy LORD Merarites Meribah Midian Moses mountain Mowinckel narrative northem northern Numbers parallel patriarchal Pentateuch people’s plagues priesthood priestly priests prophet Psalm 50 Psalm 78 Psalm 81 psalmist Psalms of Asaph Psalter recital reference reﬂection sacriﬁce sanctuary Selah Seters seventh century Shechem shrine signiﬁcant Sinai story suggests Temple thee theme thine Thou hast tradents tradition tribes Ugaritic unto verses waters worship Yahweh Yahwist Zion