Colleges and Universities in World War II

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ABC-CLIO, 1993 - Education - 249 pages

V. R. Cardozier provides a comprehensive and engaging look at the role played by colleges and universities in World War II, the contributions they made to the war effort, and the impact of the war on higher education institutions. He captures the wartime mood and spirit of the American people, something that is not easy to convey to younger readers who did not directly experience these times.

During the war, American colleges and universities were dedicated to serving the needs of the military and all agencies of the government through training, research, and service. The Army, Navy, and Army Air Forces College Training Programs are discussed in separate chapters. Cardozier examines many adjustments colleges made: accelerating their calendars, adapting to losses in enrollment, and changing the curriculum. Military training programs on campuses and how they differed from college training programs are described, as well as the impact of the war on faculty: depletion of the teaching ranks, wartime research on campus, and faculty in the military and government service, especially in OSRD and OSS. The final chapter examines the overall impact of the war on higher education, such as financial problems due to loss of enrollment, issues of academic freedom, academic credit for military service, the GI Bill, and changes in curricula, teaching tools, and campus cultures.

 

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Contents

1 War Comes to America
1
2 Army College Training Program
19
3 Navy College Training Program
51
4 Army Air Forces College Training Program
83
5 Colleges Adjust to Wartime
109
6 Military Training on Campus
135
7 Defense Extension Programs
165
8 Faculty and the War
183
9 Impact of the War on Higher Education
211
Selected Bibliography
231
Index
241
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About the author (1993)

V. R. CARDOZIER is Professor of Higher Education and Director of the doctoral program in higher education at The University of Texas at Austin. In 1970, he was appointed vice president for academic affairs at the newly authorized University of Texas of the Permian Basin, where he later served as president from 1974-1982. He is the author of American Higher Education: An International Perspective (1987), numerous journal articles, and is the co-author and editor of the forthcoming volume Innovations in New Colleges and Universities.

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