Lincoln's Citadel: The Civil War in Washington, DC

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W. W. Norton & Company, Aug 19, 2013 - History - 528 pages
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The stirring history of a president and a capital city on the front lines of war and freedom.

In the late 1840s, Representative Abraham Lincoln resided at Mrs. Sprigg’s boardinghouse on Capitol Hill. Known as Abolition House, Mrs. Sprigg’s hosted lively dinner-table debates of antislavery politics by the congressional boarders. The unusually rapid turnover in the enslaved staff suggested that there were frequent escapes north to freedom from Abolition House, likely a cog in the underground railroad. These early years in Washington proved formative for Lincoln.

In 1861, now in the White House, Lincoln could gaze out his office window and see the Confederate flag flying across the Potomac. Washington, DC, sat on the front lines of the Civil War. Vulnerable and insecure, the capital was rife with Confederate sympathizers. On the crossroads of slavery and freedom, the city was a refuge for thousands of contraband and fugitive slaves. The Lincoln administration took strict measures to tighten security and established camps to provide food, shelter, and medical care for contrabands. In 1863, a Freedman’s Village rose on the grounds of the Lee estate, where the Confederate flag once flew.

The president and Mrs. Lincoln personally comforted the wounded troops who flooded wartime Washington. In 1862, Lincoln spent July 4 riding in a train of ambulances carrying casualties from the Peninsula Campaign to Washington hospitals. He saluted the “One-Legged Brigade” assembled outside the White House as “orators,” their wounds eloquent expressions of sacrifice and dedication. The administration built more than one hundred military hospitals to care for Union casualties.

These are among the unforgettable scenes in Lincoln’s Citadel, a fresh, absorbing narrative history of Lincoln’s leadership in Civil War Washington. Here is the vivid story of how the Lincoln administration met the immense challenges the war posed to the city, transforming a vulnerable capital into a bastion for the Union.


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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - BornAnalog - LibraryThing

As someone who has lived in the DC area for over 20 years and who has studied this period extensively I still learned an amazing amount of this book. Winkle does a great job at evoking both the city ... Read full review

LINCOLN'S CITADEL: The Civil War in Washington, DC

User Review  - Kirkus

A skillful portrait of the nation's capital as microcosm of a nation divided.When newly elected President Abraham Lincoln arrived in Washington, D.C., writes Winkle (History/Univ. of Nebraska; Abraham ... Read full review


The Abolitionists
Lincoln and Slavery
Part II
Warnings and Threats from Washington
Toward Emancipation
Emancipation in Washington
The Limitsof Freedom 19 Never Forget What They Did Here
Praisefor Lincolns Citadel

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About the author (2013)

Kenneth J. Winkle, acclaimed Lincoln biographer and Civil War historian, is Thomas C. Sorensen Professor of American History at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. The Young Eagle, his volume on Lincoln’s rise, is the standard account.

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