Phrase Structure and the Lexicon

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Springer Science & Business Media, 1996 - Computers - 298 pages
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V, ThemelPatients to the lowest specifier of V', and Agents to a position outside the minimal VP. Again, thematic information is encoded in terms of configurational properties. Addressing the issue of phrase structure in another domain, Margaret Speas investigates the status of null pronominal objects in Navajo. Following Rizzi (1986), she assumes that null pronouns must meet both a licensing and an identification condition. More specifically, she demonstrates that distributional restrictions on null pronominal objects in Navajo can be explained if it is assumed that null objects obey the identification condition expressed by the Generalized Control Rule of Huang (1984). Distinguishing three types of null objects, she argues that relevant licensing condition on two subtypes of null objects involves rich agreement. However, it appears that there are languages lacking rich agreement but with pro in object position. Speas accounts for these phenomena by a rule of economy of projection. A second series of papers is concerned with the way in which functional categories derive aspects of sentential interpretation. Three issues in this research program are investigated here: external arguments as arguments of functional projections (Kratzer), the specificity interpretation of clitics (Sportiche), and the interpretation of tense (Stowell). In all three cases, phrase structure is put to use to derive interpretive effects. Angelika Kratzer proposes that external arguments are not part of the verb.
 

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Contents

ON THE STRUCTURAL POSITIONS OF THEMES AND GOALS
7
WHATS A HEAD?
35
X SELECTION
77
SEVERING THE EXTERNAL ARGUMENT FROM ITS VERB
109
DETERMINING THE KERNEL
139
THE LEXICON AS BRIDGE BETWEEN PHRASE STRUCTURE COMPONENTS
173
NULL OBJECTS IN FUNCTIONAL PROJECTIONS
187
CLITIC CONSTRUCTIONS
213
THE PHRASE STRUCTURE OF TENSE
277
INDEX
293
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