Phrase Structure and the Lexicon
V, ThemelPatients to the lowest specifier of V', and Agents to a position outside the minimal VP. Again, thematic information is encoded in terms of configurational properties. Addressing the issue of phrase structure in another domain, Margaret Speas investigates the status of null pronominal objects in Navajo. Following Rizzi (1986), she assumes that null pronouns must meet both a licensing and an identification condition. More specifically, she demonstrates that distributional restrictions on null pronominal objects in Navajo can be explained if it is assumed that null objects obey the identification condition expressed by the Generalized Control Rule of Huang (1984). Distinguishing three types of null objects, she argues that relevant licensing condition on two subtypes of null objects involves rich agreement. However, it appears that there are languages lacking rich agreement but with pro in object position. Speas accounts for these phenomena by a rule of economy of projection. A second series of papers is concerned with the way in which functional categories derive aspects of sentential interpretation. Three issues in this research program are investigated here: external arguments as arguments of functional projections (Kratzer), the specificity interpretation of clitics (Sportiche), and the interpretation of tense (Stowell). In all three cases, phrase structure is put to use to derive interpretive effects. Angelika Kratzer proposes that external arguments are not part of the verb.
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ON THE STRUCTURAL POSITIONS OF THEMES AND GOALS
WHATS A HEAD?
SEVERING THE EXTERNAL ARGUMENT FROM ITS VERB
DETERMINING THE KERNEL
THE LEXICON AS BRIDGE BETWEEN PHRASE STRUCTURE COMPONENTS
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A-bar position A-position accusative adjectival adjective adpositions agent argument analysis anaphor argued argument structure assume base-generated c-command Cambridge Chichewa Chomsky clause clitic constructions Clitic Doubling clitic placement Compl complement domain constituent D-structure Dative Shift denotation derivational affix discussed element English ergative verbs Event example external argument fact French functional categories gerunds goal grammar head movement headhood INFL inflectional interpretation Jean John Kayne Kayne's kernel Langacker languages lexicon licensing Linguistic Inquiry marker Mary morpheme morphological morphosyntactic locus Navajo nonkernel noun phrase null objects overt parasitic gaps participle agreement passive phonological phrase structure PIBU possible predicate principle profile determinant pronominal pronoun properties proposal quantifiers reference relation relevant selection semantic sentences Sesotho Spec position specific Sportiche subcategorization frames subject position syntax temporal tense thematic hierarchy thematic roles theme theory theta-grid unaccusative verbs unergative verbs University verbal projection Voice Zwicky
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