The Spanish Seaborne Empire
The Spanish empire in America was the first of the great seaborne empires of western Europe; it was for long the richest and the most formidable, the focus of envy, fear, and hatred. Its haphazard beginning dates from 1492; it was to last more than three hundred years before breaking up in the early nineteenth century in civil wars between rival generals and "liberators."
Available now for the first time in paperback is J. H. Parry's classic assessment of the impact of Spain on the Americas. Parry presents a broad picture of the conquests of Cortès and Pizarro and of the economic and social consequences in Spain of the effort to maintain control of vast holdings. He probes the complex administration of the empire, its economy, social structure, the influence of the Church, the destruction of the Indian cultures and the effect of their decline on Spanish policy. As we approach the quincentenary of Columbus's arrival in the Americas, Parry provides the historical basis for a new consideration of the former Spanish colonies of Latin America and the transformation of pre-Columbian cultures to colonial states.
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Introduction by J H Plumb
PRolo GUE The tradition of conquest
The maritime lifeline
THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF EMPIRE
Io The enforcement of
THE COST OF EMPIRE
THE ENDURANCE OF EMPIRE
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administrative Andalusia areas army audiencia authority Aztecs became Bogotá Bolívar Buenos Aires cabildo Cadiz Caribbean Carrera Cartagena Casas Castile Christian Church civilised clergy coast colonial conquest conquistadores Cortés Council Creole Cruz decline Diego Colón Dutch early economic effective eighteenth century empire encomenderos encomienda English España Europe European export Ferdinand fleet force foreign France French friars governors Granada guarda-costas harbours Hispaniola important Inca independence Indians Indies trade industry islands junta King kingdoms labour land legislation Lima loyalty Madrid Maya ment merchants mestizos Mexico military mines monopoly native naturally officials organised peninsular Spaniards Peru Philip Pizarro Plata political population ports Portuguese provinces repartimiento revolution Río royal rulers sailed San Martín settlement settlers seventeenth century Seville ships silver sixteenth century slaves social society South Spain Spaniards Spanish America Spanish Crown Spanish Empire Spanish government towns tribute Vera Cruz viceregal viceroy viceroyalty vols