Aristotle, Plato and Pythagoreanism in the First Century BC: New Directions for Philosophy

Front Cover
Malcolm Schofield
Cambridge University Press, Jan 17, 2013 - History - 305 pages
This book presents an up-to-date overview of the main new directions taken by ancient philosophy in the first century BC, a period in which the dominance exercised in the Hellenistic age by Stoicism, Epicureanism and Academic Scepticism gave way to a more diverse and experimental philosophical scene. Its development has been much less well understood, but here a strong international team of leading scholars of the subject reconstruct key features of the changed environment. They examine afresh the evidence for some of the central Greek thinkers of the period, as well as illuminating Cicero's engagement with Plato both as translator and in his own philosophising. The intensity of renewed study of Aristotle's Categories and Plato's Timaeus is an especially striking outcome of their discussions. The volume will be indispensable for scholars and students interested in the history of Platonism and Aristotelianism.


Chapter 1 The texts of Plato and Aristotle in the first century bc
from Antiochus of Ascalon to Eudorus of Alexandria and beyond
Chapter 3 Boethus Aristotelian ontology
Xenarchus of Seleucia
an interpretation of Plutarch de Animae Procreatione in Timaeo 22 1023bc
medical Platonism?
Chapter 7 The eclectic Pythagoreanism of Alexander Polyhistor
Eudorus and the systematisation of Platonism
Chapter 9 Cicero and the Timaeus
Chapter 10 Platos Laws and Ciceros de Legibus
fictions Forms foundations
Index of passages
General index

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2013)

Malcolm Schofield is Emeritus Professor of Ancient Philosophy, University of Cambridge and Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. He is co-author (with G. S. Kirk and J. E. Raven) of the second edition of The Presocratic Philosophers (1983) and co-editor (with Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes and Jaap Mansfeld) of The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy (1999). His other publications include An Essay on Anaxagoras (1980), The Stoic Idea of the City (1991; 2nd edition, 1999) and Plato: Political Philosophy (2006).

Bibliographic information