Aristotle, Plato and Pythagoreanism in the First Century BC: New Directions for Philosophy

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 17, 2013 - History - 305 pages
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This book presents an up-to-date overview of the main new directions taken by ancient philosophy in the first century BC, a period in which the dominance exercised in the Hellenistic age by Stoicism, Epicureanism and Academic Scepticism gave way to a more diverse and experimental philosophical scene. Its development has been much less well understood, but here a strong international team of leading scholars of the subject reconstruct key features of the changed environment. They examine afresh the evidence for some of the central Greek thinkers of the period, as well as illuminating Cicero's engagement with Plato both as translator and in his own philosophising. The intensity of renewed study of Aristotle's Categories and Plato's Timaeus is an especially striking outcome of their discussions. The volume will be indispensable for scholars and students interested in the history of Platonism and Aristotelianism.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 The texts of Plato and Aristotle in the first century bc
1
from Antiochus of Ascalon to Eudorus of Alexandria and beyond
28
Chapter 3 Boethus Aristotelian ontology
53
Xenarchus of Seleucia
78
an interpretation of Plutarch de Animae Procreatione in Timaeo 22 1023bc
95
medical Platonism?
118
Chapter 7 The eclectic Pythagoreanism of Alexander Polyhistor
139
Eudorus and the systematisation of Platonism
160
Chapter 9 Cicero and the Timaeus
187
Chapter 10 Platos Laws and Ciceros de Legibus
206
fictions Forms foundations
225
Bibliography
276
Index of passages
291
General index
301
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About the author (2013)

Malcolm Schofield is Emeritus Professor of Ancient Philosophy, University of Cambridge and Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. He is co-author (with G. S. Kirk and J. E. Raven) of the second edition of The Presocratic Philosophers (1983) and co-editor (with Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes and Jaap Mansfeld) of The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy (1999). His other publications include An Essay on Anaxagoras (1980), The Stoic Idea of the City (1991; 2nd edition, 1999) and Plato: Political Philosophy (2006).

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