Aristotle, Plato and Pythagoreanism in the First Century BC: New Directions for Philosophy
This book presents an up-to-date overview of the main new directions taken by ancient philosophy in the first century BC, a period in which the dominance exercised in the Hellenistic age by Stoicism, Epicureanism and Academic Scepticism gave way to a more diverse and experimental philosophical scene. Its development has been much less well understood, but here a strong international team of leading scholars of the subject reconstruct key features of the changed environment. They examine afresh the evidence for some of the central Greek thinkers of the period, as well as illuminating Cicero's engagement with Plato both as translator and in his own philosophising. The intensity of renewed study of Aristotle's Categories and Plato's Timaeus is an especially striking outcome of their discussions. The volume will be indispensable for scholars and students interested in the history of Platonism and Aristotelianism.
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Chapter 1 The texts of Plato and Aristotle in the first century bc
from Antiochus of Ascalon to Eudorus of Alexandria and beyond
Chapter 3 Boethus Aristotelian ontology
Xenarchus of Seleucia
an interpretation of Plutarch de Animae Procreatione in Timaeo 22 1023bc
Chapter 7 The eclectic Pythagoreanism of Alexander Polyhistor
Eudorus and the systematisation of Platonism
Academic Alexander Alexander of Aphrodisias Alexander’s text ancient Andronicus Antiochus argued argument Aristo Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s Asclepiades attributed Barnes Boethus Bonazzi Burkert Caelo Categories Chiaradonna Cicero claim commentary commentators conﬁrmed context corpus Cratippus debate deﬁnition dialogue difﬁcult Diogenes discussion distinction doctrine doxographical Dyad elements Empedocles ethics Eudorus evidence existence fact ﬁfth ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst century BC fragments Gildenhard Greek Hellenistic Heraclides idea important inﬂuence interpretation Kori least Legibus mathematical Metaphysics minima Monad Moraux motion nature ofthe ontological orator Oratore Panaetius passage perfection Peripatetic Philo Philolaus philosophical physics Plato Plato’s Forms Platonists Plutarch Posidonius principles Puhlica Pythagoras Pythagorean reading reason reference reﬂect Roman sceptical school treatises Sedley Sextus Sharples signiﬁcant simple body Simplicius Socrates soul soul’s speciﬁc Stoic Stoicism Strabo substance suggests testimony Theophrastus theory of matter things Timaeus Timaeus translation tradition virtue Xenarchus Xenocrates