No Other Way Out: States and Revolutionary Movements, 1945-1991
No Other Way Out provides a powerful explanation for the emergence of popular revolutionary movements, and the occurrence of actual revolutions, during the Cold War era. This sweeping study ranges from Southeast Asia in the 1940s and 1950s to Central America in the 1970s and 1980s and Eastern Europe in 1989. Following in the 'state-centered' tradition of Theda Skocpol's States and Social Revolutions and Jack Goldstone's Revolutions and Rebellion in the Early Modern World, Goodwin demonstrates how the actions of specific types of authoritarian regimes unwittingly channeled popular resistance into radical and often violent directions. Revolution became the 'only way out', to use Trotsky's formulation, for the opponents of these intransigent regimes. By comparing the historical trajectories of more than a dozen countries, Goodwin also shows how revolutionaries were sometimes able to create, and not simply exploit, opportunities for seizing state power.
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agrarian analysis armed forces armed struggle army authoritarian British capitalist Central America chapter Chinese civil society colonial Communist Party conflict counterinsurgency Cuban Revolution cultural defeated Democracy Democratic dictatorship East Germany Eastern Europe economic edited El Salvador elections elites emphasizes ethnic exclusionary fact factors FMLN French FSLN groups Guatemala guerrillas History Honduras human rights important Indonesia infrastructurally institutions insurgency Japanese land Latin America leaders London Malay Malaya Marxist ments military mobilization moreover National Liberation nationalist neopatrimonial Nicaragua opposition organizations overview Paige peasants perspective Peru Philippines policies political context popular postwar protest radical rebellion rebels reform reformist regimes region repression revolutionary movements revolutions Romania rule Salvador and Guatemala Salvadoran Sandinistas seize state power Shining Path Skocpol social movements Somoza Southeast Asia Soviet state-centered structures Sukarno Theory Third World thousand tion tionary United University Press Viet Minh Vietnam Vietnamese violence weak Westview Press York