Historical Dictionary of Lithuania

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Scarecrow Press, Feb 7, 2011 - History - 428 pages
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The Lithuanian people have undergone historic changes quite different from those of other European nations. In earlier centuries geography provided strategic advantage and opportunities for expansion but in recent times the country has more often experienced location as a geopolitical curse. After constantly losing territory and shrinking in size, the country disappeared in 1795. However, after World War I a popular national movement led to the restoration of Lithuania as an independent state. World War II and its bloody aftermath brought foreign occupation as well as genocide, mass murder, and destruction unparalleled in the country's modern history. The restoration of independence in 1990 has fundamentally altered Lithuania's geopolitical reality. Integration into the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization promise a new level of security for the Lithuanian state in the 21st century even as the social and economic transformations present both promising opportunities and difficult challenges. The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Lithuania will serve as a useful introduction to virtually all aspects of Lithuania's historical experience, including the country's relations with its neighbors. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, an extensive bibliography, and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on significant persons, places, and events; institutions and organizations; and political, economic, social, cultural, and religious facets.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
A
37
B
57
C
71
D
91
E
99
F
109
G
113
R
243
S
261
T
291
U
305
V
313
W
325
Y
333
Z
337

H
125
I
131
J
139
K
145
L
163
M
183
N
197
O
211
P
213
Q
241
Appendix 1 Pronunciation of Lithuanian Terms
339
Appendix 2 Lithuanian Rulers 12511572a
341
Appendix 3 Rulers of the Commonwealth Period 15691795
343
Appendix 4 Lithuanian Political Leaders since 1918
345
Appendix 5 Peculiarities of Place and Time
349
Glossary
351
Bibliography
353
About the Author
391
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Saulius Suziedlis is professor emeritus of History at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of a number of books and articles on Lithuanian history, he also served as Director of Millersville University's Annual Conference on the Holocaust and Genocide from 2005 to 2009.

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