The Law Code of Manu
'Manu was seated, when the great seers came up to him: "Please, Lord, tell us the Laws of all the social classes, as well as of those born in between..."' The Law Code of Manu is the most authoritative and the best-known legal text of ancient India. Famous for two thousand years it still generates controversy, with Manu's verses being cited in support of the oppression of women and members of the lower castes. A seminal Hindu text, the Law Code isimportant for its classic description of so many social institutions that have come to be identified with Indian society. It deals with the relationships between social and ethnic groups, between men and women, the organization of the state and the judicial system, reincarnation, the workings ofkarma, and all aspects of the law.Patrick Olivelle's lucid translation is the first to be based on his critically edited text, and it incorporates the most recent scholarship on ancient Indian history, law, society, and religion.
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according to rule activities ancestors ancestral offering animals Arya ascetic toil bath—graduate bathing becomes belonging Bhrgu birth body born Brahmin bride—price brother called Candala CHAPTER commentators creatures death dharma Dharmas'astra divine Excursus father ﬁeld ﬁnal ﬁne ﬁned ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁve ﬂowers four fruits Gandharvas ghee gifts girl give given gods grass Grounds for Litigation honour householder husband identiﬁed impurity individuals Indra K_satriya killing king king’s Kubera learned liquor living loss of caste man’s Manu Manu’s marriage meaning meat mother never night oblation oﬂering Olivelle one’s penance perform person Prajapati prescribed priest proper punishment puriﬁed recite the Veda refers rite ritual sacred ﬁres sacriﬁce Sanskrit seed seers sexual Sﬁdra social classes Soma someone sons speciﬁc stealing Sudra teacher term texts tradition treatise twice—born unﬁt VaDh Vais'ya Varuna Vasistha Veda vedic recitation verse village wealth wife woman women