Samoan reference grammar
Scandinavian University Press, 1992 - Foreign Language Study - 819 pages
Samoan Reference Grammar is the first extensive grammar of Samoan, by number of speakers the largest Polynesian language. The grammar is divided into eighteen chapters which cover phonetics, phonology, and orthography, word classification and morphology, the syntax of various types of phrases, simple clause structure, nominalization, dependent clauses, coordination, and finally, case marking and grammatical relations. The descriptive framework is not tied to a particular linguistic theory, but is based on the empirical findings of linguistic typology during the last two decades. The grammar is descriptive in the sense that it takes the Samoan ways of expression as the starting point of analysis and describes the meanings which are encoded by the various types of construction.
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PHONOLOGY AND ORTHOGRAPHY
A PRELIMINARY VIEW
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absolutive argument absolutive noun phrase adverbial clauses ali'i alofa ANAPH anaphoric Apia ART boy ART girl ART house ART thing ART(nsp.pl ART=POSS ART=POSS=l.sg complement clause CONJ constructions denoting dependent clauses EMPH ERG ART erg.v ergative noun phrase ergative verbs expressed fale fo'i fronted noun phrases function GENR iloa interrogative l.sg lab.v latou lava LD ANAPH LD ART leaga leai lelei long form main clause matou matua maua Maunu Moana modifying morphemes nominalised verbal clauses non-erg.v non-ergative verbs noun phrase nucleus particle PAST PERF plural POSS ART possessive noun phrase predicate preposition PRES ART PRES ART(nsp.sg preverbal pronoun PROG reduplication relative clause Samoan Savai'i semantic semi-verbal clauses sentences sp.pl suffix syllable syntactic tagata tama tatou tautala teine Tiuga transitive action Tutuila verb phrase vowel word
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Describing Morphosyntax: A Guide for Field Linguists
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