"The Jukes": A Study in Crime, Pauperism, Disease and Heredity ; Also Further Studies of Criminals

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G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1877 - Crime - 120 pages
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Page 14 - a hunter and fisher, a hard drinker, jolly and companionable, averse to steady toil," working hard by spurts and idling by turns, becoming blind in his old age, and entailing his blindness upon his children and grandchildren.
Page 65 - Where the organization is structurally modified, as in idiocy and insanity, or organically weak as in many diseases, the heredity is the preponderating factor in determining the career ; but it is, even then, capable of marked modification for better or worse by the character of the environment. In other words, capacity, physical and mental, is limited and determined mainly by heredity.
Page 70 - Over a million and a quarter dollars of loss in seventy-five years, caused by a single family 1,200 strong, without reckoning the cash paid for whiskey, or taking into account the entailment of pauperism and crime of the survivors in succeeding generations, and the incurable disease, idiocy and insanity growing out of this debauchery, and reaching further than we can calculate.
Page 95 - I witness in the post-mortem examinations of the prisoners who die here. Scarcely one of them can be said to die of one disease, for almost every organ of the body is more or less diseased, and the wonder to me is, that life could have been supported in such a diseased frame. Their moral nature seems equally diseased with their physical...
Page 13 - They lived in log or stone houses similar to slave-hovels, all ages, sexes, relations and strangers " bunking
Page 66 - From the above considerations the logical induction seems to be, that environment is the ultimate controlling factor in determining careers, placing heredity itself as an organized result of environment.
Page 50 - Hereditary pauperism seems to be more fixed than hereditary crime, for very much of crime is the misdirection of faculty and is amenable to discipline, while very much of pauperism is due to the absence of vital power...
Page 15 - Jukes," and 169 by marriage or cohabitation, in all 709 persons of all ages, alive and dead. The aggregate of this lineage reaches, probably, 1,200 persons, but the dispersions that have occurred at different times have prevented the following up and enumeration of many of the lateral branches.
Page 65 - The tendency of heredity is to produce an environment which perpetuates that heredity: thus, the licentious parent makes an example which greatly aids in fixing habits of debauchery in the child. The correction is change of environment.
Page 37 - Pauperism is an indication of weakness of some kind, either youth, disease, old age, injury, or, for women, childbirth. " 2. Hereditary pauperism rests chiefly upon disease in some form, tends to terminate in extinction, and may be called the sociological aspect of physical degeneration.

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