Three Hundred Years of Gravitation

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S. W. Hawking, W. Israel
Cambridge University Press, Mar 30, 1989 - Science - 690 pages
2 Reviews
To commemorate the 300th anniversary of the publication of Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Stephen Hawking and Werner Israel assembled a series of unique review papers by many of the world's foremost researchers in cosmology, relativity, and particle physics. The resulting volume reflects the significant and exciting advances that have been made in these fields since the editors' acclaimed volume, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey (CUP 1979). Newton's immense contribution to the physical sciences is assessed, and its relevance to today's physics made clear. The international group of contributors then chart the major developments in the study of gravitation, from Newtonian gravity to black hole physics. In the fields of galaxy formation, inflationary and quantum cosmology, and superstring unification, the book provides important overviews written by workers involved in the many advances described. By shaping such a wide-ranging and scholarly series of articles into a cohesive whole, the editors have created a fitting and lasting memorial to the man who continues to inspire scientists the world over.

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Newtonianism and todays physics
Newton quantum theory and reality
R Penrose
R Blandford
Experimental gravitation from Newtons Principia to Einsteins
The problem of motion in Newtonian and Einsteinian gravity
The Masters Lodge Selwyn College Cambridge
K S Thome
galaxy formation
Gravitational interactions of cosmic strings
A Vilenkin
Inflationary cosmology
S Weinberg
Inflation and quantum cosmology
Avadh Bhatia Physics Laboratory University of Alberta Edmonton T6G 2J1 Canada

the evolution of an idea
J Rees
Department of Rclativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology Observatoire de Paris 5 Place
S W Hawking
Astrophysical black holes
Gravitational radiation
Quantum cosmology
Superstring unification
Covariant description of canonical formalism in geometrical
E Witten

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About the author (1989)

Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. As a student at Oxford University, Hawking studied Physics, and after three years was awarded a first class honors degree in Natural Science. After gaining a Ph.D. from Cambridge, Hawking became a Research Fellow, and later on a Professional Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. Widely regarded as one of the greatest theoretical physicists since Einstein, Hawking has held the post as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge since 1979. Most famous for his research on black holes, he has written the books A Brief History of Time and Black Holes and Baby Universes, a collection of essays published in 1993. He also authored the books On the Shoulders of Giants, A Briefer History of Time, The Universe in a Nutshell, and The Grand Design. Hawking is also the author of numerous articles for scientific papers, has 12 honorary degrees and is a Fellow of The Royal Society and a Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Hawking was diagnosed with Lou Gehrig's disease in his early 20s and is now confined to a wheelchair. He uses a computer device to help him speak. Hawking holds a professorship at the University of Oxford. In 2015 Hawking's book A Brief History of Time, which he completed in 1984, became listed on the New York Times bestseller list.

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