## Three Hundred Years of GravitationTo commemorate the 300th anniversary of the publication of Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Stephen Hawking and Werner Israel assembled a series of unique review papers by many of the world's foremost researchers in cosmology, relativity, and particle physics. The resulting volume reflects the significant and exciting advances that have been made in these fields since the editors' acclaimed volume, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey (CUP 1979). Newton's immense contribution to the physical sciences is assessed, and its relevance to today's physics made clear. The international group of contributors then chart the major developments in the study of gravitation, from Newtonian gravity to black hole physics. In the fields of galaxy formation, inflationary and quantum cosmology, and superstring unification, the book provides important overviews written by workers involved in the many advances described. By shaping such a wide-ranging and scholarly series of articles into a cohesive whole, the editors have created a fitting and lasting memorial to the man who continues to inspire scientists the world over. |

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### Contents

Newtonianism and todays physics | 5 |

Newton quantum theory and reality | 17 |

R Penrose | 18 |

References | 48 |

R Blandford | 50 |

Experimental gravitation from Newtons Principia to Einsteins | 80 |

The problem of motion in Newtonian and Einsteinian gravity | 128 |

The Masters Lodge Selwyn College Cambridge | 130 |

K S Thome | 332 |

galaxy formation | 459 |

Gravitational interactions of cosmic strings | 499 |

A Vilenkin | 500 |

Inflationary cosmology | 524 |

S Weinberg | 546 |

Inflation and quantum cosmology | 604 |

Avadh Bhatia Physics Laboratory University of Alberta Edmonton T6G 2J1 Canada | 606 |

the evolution of an idea | 199 |

J Rees | 201 |

Department of Rclativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology Observatoire de Paris 5 Place | 214 |

S W Hawking | 276 |

Astrophysical black holes | 277 |

Gravitational radiation | 330 |

Quantum cosmology | 631 |

Superstring unification | 652 |

Covariant description of canonical formalism in geometrical | 676 |

E Witten | 678 |

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