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administration alarm Allahabad already appointed arrangement Assam assisted Bengal Presidency Bheerbhoom Board of Revenue British Burdwan calamity Calcutta character charge Civil Commissioners considerable Council Court of Directors crops Cuttack Dacca degree Delhi depopulated Deputy Governor distress District Officers districts of Bengal doubt drought duty Eastern districts effects efficient equal European evil executive establishment expenditure experience Famine of 1770 Fyzabad Government of India grades hope importance increase inferior inhabitants Jessore Judge Judicial functions land revenue Lower Provinces Lucknow Madras Magistrate and Collector ment Midnapore millions misery Moorshedabad Native North-West Provinces occasion opium revenue Oude Patna permanent settlement Police position present Punjab Purneah rain Rajeshye regard relieved render Resident in Behar rice ryots salary salt scarcity season seems seers per rupee Small Cause Courts sub-divisional Officer sub-divisions subordinate suffered Superintendent supply Sylhet taxation taxes Tehseeldar tion veiy Western whole
Page 28 - It was naturally to be expected that the diminution of the Revenue should have kept an equal pace with the other Consequences of so great a Calamity. That it did not, was owing to its being violently kept up to its former Standard.
Page 19 - The mortality,' wrote the President of the Bengal Council in the following spring — ' the mortality, the beggary exceed all description. Above one-third of the inhabitants have perished in the once plentiful province of Purniah, and in other parts the misery is equal.' All through the stifling summer of 1770 the people went on dying. The husbandmen sold their cattle ; they sold their implements of agriculture ; they devoured their seed-grain; they sold their sons and daughters, till at length no...
Page 26 - The .scene of misery that intervened, and still continues, shocks humanity too much to bear description. Certain it is that in several parts the living have fed on the dead, and the number that has perished in those provinces that have suffered most ia calculated to have been within these few months aŠ G tu IG of the whole inhabitants.
Page 28 - Notwithstanding the great severity of the late famine and the great reduction of people thereby, some increase has been made in the settlements both of the Bengal and the Behar provinces for the present year.
Page 24 - The miseries of the poor of this place increase in such a manner that no less than 150 have died in a day in Patna.
Page 28 - Notwithstanding the loss of at least one-third of the inhabitants of the province, and the consequent decrease of the cultivation, the nett collections of the year 1771 exceeded even those of 1768.
Page 24 - Reporting on the Bihar famine, James Alexander, Chief at Patna, wrote: "The depopulation in the interior parts of the country [Serris Kotomba] is more rapid than will be imagined by any person who has not been witness to it, and such is the disposition of the people that they seem rather inclined to submit to death than extricate themselves from the misery of hunger by industry and labour.
Page v - By making the police a department of the magistrate's office, and entirely subordinate to him ; By eliminating at least one of the grades between the district magistrate and collector and the local •Government, and placing the superior inspecting officers (who must always be necessary in so large a Government) in more direct personal communication with the head of the local Government...
Page vi - Government, a certain jealousy of interference, which much cripples its action, and stands in the way of that hearty and entire confidence which might enable both to combine for the common good. 6. The remedy for this state of things, which I would suggest, is to make the local Governor an ex-offic-io member of the Executive Council of the Government of India.