The Weather and Climate of Australia and New Zealand
Comprehensively updated in it's 2nd edition, The Weather and Climate in Australia and New Zealand provides an introduction to the basic concepts underlying the science of the atmosphere from a Southern Hemisphere perspective, and establishes the global setting within which the weather and climate of Australia and New Zealand operate. The book introduces the basic science of the atmosphere, including its physical structure and composition, and the planetary circulation that lays the foundation for Australian weather and climate. The next section describes the characteristics f aim masses and atmospheric motion, explains the interactions that produce mid-latitude and tropical weather systems and discusses weather forecasting in this region. The book then focuses on selected aspects of the mesoscale, regional and local weather systems, and on climate patterns commonly observed across urban and rural areas of Australia and New Zealand. Finally, past climate change, contemporary variability and future scenarios are examined, and the possible links between human activity and climate variability are outlined, with particular emphasis on this region. New to this edition is the significant expansion of detail in chapter 4. Further explanation is given of atmospheric humidity and atmospheric stability, including more detail on the stability of layers of air. Extra material on orographic rainfall and some technical aspects, such as the adjustment of station level pressure measurement to sea level is also included. All other chapters have been updated with new material from recent research.
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The Atmospheric Envelope and Radiative Processes
The General Circulation of the Atmosphere
SYNOPTICSCALE PROCESSES AND PHENOMENA
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adiabatic lapse rate advection air mass airflow albedo anticyclones approximately areas associated atmosphere Australia Australian region Bureau of Meteorology carbon Chapter circulation climate change Climatology cloud coast cold front convection convergence cooling Coriolis divergence droplets dry adiabatic Earth's surface easterly effect emission energy balance equator example Figure flow forecasting frontal global greenhouse Hadley Cell heat flux height horizontal humidity increase interaction isobaric latent heat latitudes long-wave radiation mesoscale Meteorological mid-latitude moisture monsoon mountain northern observed occur ocean Oscillation ozone pattern poleward potential temperature precipitation prediction pressure gradient processes produce radiative rainfall relative result rotation satellite saturated scale sea-level season sensible heat solar radiation South South Island Southern Hemisphere stratosphere subtropical summer synoptic Tapper tephigram thermal thunderstorms tropical cyclones troposphere trough upper-level urban variability variations vertical motion Walker circulation warm water vapour wave wavelength weather systems westerly wind speed Zealand zone