ReliquiŠ DiluvianŠ: Or Observations on the Organic Remains Contained in Caves, Fissures, and Diluvial Gravel, and on Other Geological Phenomena, Attesting the Action of an Universal Deluge

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J. Murray, 1824 - Caves - 303 pages

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Page 36 - I gave the animal successively three shin bones of a sheep; he snapped them asunder in a moment, dividing each in two parts only, which he swallowed entire, without the smallest mastication. On the keeper putting... a spar of wood, two inches in diameter, into his den, he cracked it in pieces as if it had been touchwood, and in a minute the whole was reduced to a mass of splinters. The power of his jaws far exceeded any animal force of the kind I ever saw exerted, and reminded me of nothing so much...
Page 226 - All these facts, whether considered collectively or separately, present such a conformity of proofs, tending to establish the universality of a recent inundation of the earth, as no difficulties or objections that have hitherto arisen are in any way sufficient to overrule.
Page 85 - I discovered beneath a shallow covering of six inches of earth nearly the entire left side of a human female skeleton. The skull and vertebrae, and extremities of the right side were wanting; the remaining parts lay extended in the usual position of burial, and in their natural order of contact, and consisted of the...
Page 136 - The state of these is very different from that of the bones we find in any of the other caverns, being of a black, or, more properly speaking, dark umber colour throughout, and many of them readily crumbling under the finger into a soft dark powder, resembling mummy powder, and being of the same nature with the black earth in which they are imbedded.
Page 16 - But the teeth which occur perhaps in greatest abundance, are those of the water-rat; for in almost every specimen I have collected or seen of the osseous breccia, there are teeth or broken fragments of the bones of this little animal mixed with, and adhering to the fragments of all the larger bones. These rats may be supposed to have abounded on the edge of the lake, which I have shown probably to have existed at that time in this neighbourhood : there are also a few teeth and bones of rabbits and...
Page 39 - ... in the diluvian gravel; whence it follows that the period in which they inhabited these regions was that immediately preceding the formation of this gravel by that transient and universal inundation which has left traces of its ravages committed at no very distant period over the surface of the whole globe, and since which no important or general physical changes appear to have affected it.
Page 137 - ... cubic feet ; now allowing two cubic feet of dust and bones for each individual animal, we shall have in this single vault the remains of at least a 500 bears, a number which may have been supplied in the space of 1000 years by a mortality at the rate of two and a half per annum.
Page 76 - Park, each in the spot on which it actually perished, upon the different ledges and landing places that occur in the course of its descent ; and from which, if a second deluge were admitted to this fissure, it could only drift them downwards, and with them the loose angular fragments amidst which they now lie, to the lowest chambers in which the bottom of this fissure terminates.
Page 17 - It must already appear probable, from the facts above described, particularly from the comminuted state and apparently gnawed condition of the bones, that the cave at Kirkdale was, during a long succession of years, inhabited as a den by hyaenas, and that they dragged into its recesses the other animal bodies whose remains are found mixed indiscriminately with their own...
Page 14 - ... solid bones of the tarsus and carpus is more than twenty times as great as could have been supplied by the individuals whose other bones we find mixed with them.

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