Life: The Science of Biology

Front Cover
Macmillan, 2008 - Science - 1251 pages
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Co-published by Sinauer Associates, Inc., and W. H. Freeman and Company.  Visit the Life, Eighth Edition preview site. LIFE HAS EVOLVED. . . from its original publication to this dramatically revitalized Eighth Edition. LIFE has always shown students how biology works, offering an engaging and coherent presentation of the fundamentals of biology by describing the landmark experiments that revealed them. This edition builds on those strengths and introduces several innovations.
As with previous editions, the Eighth Edition will also be available in three paperback volumes:
  • Volume I: The Cell and Heredity, Chapters 1-20
  • Volume II: Evolution, Diversity and Ecology, Chapters 1, 21-33, 52-57
  • Volume III: Plants and Animals, Chapters 1, 34-51
 

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Contents

Part One The Science and Building Blocks of Life 1 Studying Life
2
The Chemistry of Life
20
52
22
Macromolecules and the Origin of Life
38
4
65
The Working Units of Life
70
Cells are surrounded by a plasma mem
72
t A What Are the Roles of Extra
90
Recyclers Pathogens Parasites and Plant Partners
650
from One Another?
659
Animal Origins and the Evolution of Body Plans
672
Protostome Animals
690
32A Why Do Arthropods Dominate
705
Deuterostome Animals
716
The vertebrate body plan can support
724
Amniotes colonized dry environments
730

The Dynamic Cell Membrane
96
6
115
Energy Enzymes and Metabolism
118
6A How Do Enzymes Work?
128
7
134
Pathways That Harvest Chemical Energy
138
8
156
Energy from Sunlight
162
Synthesize Carbohydrates?
169
Part Three Heredity and the Genome 9 Chromosomes The Cell Cycle and Cell Division
180
Mitosis segregates exact
188
The number shapes and sizes of
195
Mendel and Beyond
206
Mendel verified his hypothesis by per
213
Hybrid vigor results from new gene
220
Humans display many sexlinked char
227
Gene is DNA?
233
DMA and Its Role in Heredity
234
HA How Are Errors in DNA Repaired?
249
Genotype to Phenotype
256
13
278
The Genetics of Viruses and Prokaryotes
282
13A How Is Gene Expression
296
The Eukaryotic Genome and Its Expression
306
The Genome in Action 15 Cell Signaling and Communication
332
Z How Do Signal Receptors Initiate
336
Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology
352
16A What Are the Sources of
362
Genome Sequencing Molecular Biology and Medicine
374
17A What Is Cancer?
386
Gene Expression and Natural Defense Systems
400
18A What Is the Humoral Immune
411
Differential Gene Expression in Development
426
Development and Evolutionary Change
448
A How Does the Environment
454
Part Five The Patterns and Processes of Evolution 21 The History of Life on Earth
464
The Mechanisms of Evolution
486
The genetic structure of a population
492
t How Is Genetic Variation Main
501
Species and Their Formation
508
23A Why Do Rates of Speciation
518
The Evolution of Genes and Genomes
524
Reconstructing and Using Phytogenies
542
The Prokaryotic Domains
560
26A How Can We Determine
569
The Origin and Diversification of the Eukaryotes
582
We continue to rely on the products
586
27A How Do Microbial Eukaryotes
593
Red algae have a distinctive accessory
601
From Sea to Land
610
Water and sugar transport mechanisms
623
The Evolution of Seed Plants
630
The relationship between gnetophytes
635
Angiosperms produce fruits
643
Primates?
737
Form and Function
743
The Plant Body
744
Transport in Plants
764
Plant Nutrition
780
Several essential elements fulfill multi
784
Regulation of Plant Growth
796
Auxin and gibberellins are recognized
808
Reproduction in Flowering Plants
818
Plant Responses to Environmental Challenges
836
39A How Do Plants Deal with Salt
848
Form and Function 40 Physiology Homeostasis and Temperature Regulation
854
iO A How Do Mammals Regulate Their
866
Animal Hormones
874
Animal Reproduction
896
How Do the Human Male
906
From Genes to Organisms
920
How Does Gastrulation Generate
926
The fetus grows and matures during
937
Neurons and Nervous Systems
942
What Cells Are Unique to
943
How Do Neurons Communicate
955
Sensory Systems
964
VA How Do Sensory Systems Detect
975
Structure and Higher Function
984
System Organized?
985
What is consciousness?
1001
How Animals Get Things Done
1004
Gas Exchange in Animals
1024
Circulatory Systems
1044
How Is the Circulatory System
1061
Nutrition Digestion and Absorption
1068
Salt and Water Balance and Nitrogen Excretion
1092
Part Nine Ecology 52 Ecology and The Distribution of Life
1112
Temperate deciduous forests change
1120
Tropical evergreen forests are species
1127
53
1137
Behavior and Behavioral Ecology
1140
Population Ecology
1166
HA How Do Spatially Variable
1167
Community Ecology
1184
Cause Trophic Cascades?
1195
Ecosystems and Global Ecology
1204
the Global Ecosystem?
1211
Other biogeochemical cycles are also
1219
Conservation Biology
1226
A What Strategies Do Conservation
1235
The Tree of Life
1246
Some Measurements
1252
Glossary
9
Answers to SelfQuizzes
33
Index
1
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