## Plasma Physics and Fusion EnergyThere has been an increase in interest worldwide in fusion research over the last decade and a half due to the recognition that a large number of new, environmentally attractive, sustainable energy sources will be needed to meet ever increasing demand for electrical energy. Based on a series of course notes from graduate courses in plasma physics and fusion energy at MIT, the text begins with an overview of world energy needs, current methods of energy generation, and the potential role that fusion may play in the future. It covers energy issues such as the production of fusion power, power balance, the design of a simple fusion reactor and the basic plasma physics issues faced by the developers of fusion power. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers working in applied physics and nuclear engineering. A large number of problems accumulated over two decades of teaching are included to aid understanding. |

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### Contents

3 | |

The fusion reaction | 21 |

Fusion power generation | 37 |

Power balance in a fusion reactor | 60 |

Design of a simple magnetic fusion reactor | 85 |

The plasma physics of fusion energy 109 | 111 |

Deﬁnition of a fusion plasma | 121 |

Singleparticle motion in a plasma guiding center theory | 139 |

A selfconsistent twoﬂuid model | 223 |

MHD macroscopic equilibrium | 245 |

MHD macroscopic stability | 296 |

Magnetic fusion concepts | 333 |

Transport | 449 |

Heating and current drive | 534 |

The future of fusion research | 633 |

666 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

alpha analysis approximation aspect ratio assumed bootstrap current Bremsstrahlung coefﬁcient coil collision frequency conducting wall conﬁguration conﬁned corresponding Coulomb collisions cross section current drive cyclotron damping Debye length deﬁned deﬁnition density derivation determine difﬁcult dispersion relation drift efﬁciency electric ﬁeld electrons and ions equations equilibrium evaluated ﬁeld lines ﬁnal ﬁnite ﬂow ﬂuid ﬂux surface follows fusion plasma fusion power fusion reactor geometry given guiding center ignition instability integral Landau damping leads limit macroscopic magnetic ﬁeld marginal stability MHD stability mode momentum motion neutron nuclear ohmic heating parameters perpendicular perturbation plasma physics poloidal power balance pressure balance problem proﬁle quantity radiation reaction reason resistive wall result satisﬁed short calculation simple simpliﬁed Speciﬁcally spheromak sufﬁciently temperature thermal tokamak toroidal toroidal current toroidal force balance toroidal magnetic torus transport trapped particles tritium velocity wave Z-pinch