American History: For Use in Secondary Schools

Front Cover
Macmillan, 1908 - United States - 557 pages
 

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Contents

CHAPTER III
40
SECTION
48
324
55
Northern New England
57
257
60
CHAPTER IV
63
SECTION
65
New Jersey and the Quakers
69
The Carolina charters 16631665
75
Revolutionary movements in the Middle and Southern
82
RIVALRY OF FRENCH AND ENGLISH 16891763
86
Exploration of the West
88
Louisiana 16991720
89
44
91
The English colonists and their governors
92
Government of the French colonies
93
Preparation for the final conflict
94
Expulsion of the French 17541763
95
The first period of the war 17541757
97
The second period of the war 17581760
98
The Peace of Paris 1763
99
CHAPTER VI
104
97 Classes of society
105
Indented servants
106
45
107
Colonial life
108
Occupations
110
IOI Agriculture IIO 102 Commerce and shipping III
111
Industry and labor
112
Colonial currency
113
The professions
114
106 Colonial churches
115
Superstition
116
PAGE
118
344
122
III
123
46
133
The New British Colonial Policy 17631767
135
47
146
The repressive acts 1774
148
The First Continental Congress 1774
150
Summary 148 149 150
151
282
153
CHAPTER VIII
154
164
155
The movement toward independence
157
The character of the Declaration
159
The first state governments
160
148 The theater of
161
British military organization and policy 150 The American army
162
The loyalists 152 The finances of the revolution
164
Continental currency
165
The TrentonPrinceton campaign
168
The plan of campaign 1777 Philadelphia
169
Burgoynes advance 1777
171
The surrender of Burgoyne 1777
172
The French alliance 1778
175
Intrigue and neglect 1778
176
The war in the North and West 17781779
177
Campaigns in the South 17801781
180
Yorktown 1781
182
313
187
167
191
179
193
246
195
48
197
168
198
250
201
283
203
354
214
CHAPTER X
218
345
220
209
224
210
225
PART III
231
219
237
The election of 1800
246
Jefferson and his party
247
Reversal of Federalist practices 230 The national courts
250
Extent and importance of Louisiana
255
The Burr conspiracy 18051806
256
220
258
169
259
Orders and decrees 18061807
260
The Embargo 1807
261
Indirect results of the Embargo
262
The NonIntercourse Act 1809
264
252 253 255
265
225
267
CHAPTER XII
269
War in the North 18121813
270
The war on the ocean 18121814
272
The last year of the
273
171
274
Our altered international standing
276
Downfall of the Federalist party
277
The tariff of 1816
278
The second national bank
279
The Supreme Court
280
The development of the West
281
Internal improvements
282
Importance of the westward movement
283
The Missouri problem
285
The Missouri Compromises 18201821
286
Florida
288
The Monroe Doctrine 1823
289
300
295
New political parties
297
The election of Jackson 1828
298
249
299
New political methods
300
The spoils system
301
National Sovereignty versus State Sovereignty 1826
302
The WebsterHayne debate 1830
303
Changes in the tariff 18241832
304
The South and the tariff
305
Nullification and the compromise tariff
306
Finance and Politics 18291843
307
Overthrow of the bank
308
Government revenues and the panic of 1837
310
Administration of Van Buren 18371841
311
Tyler and Whigs 18411842
313
Summary
314
CHAPTER XIV
317
The era of canals
318
Railways
319
Significance of improved means of transportation
320
The telegraph and other inventions
322
Industrial changes after 1810
323
The era of free trade 18461857
324
289 Opening of the government lands
325
123
337
PART IV
339
76
343
War with Mexico 18461847
347
Oregon Territory election of 1848
348
California
349
The elements of a compromise 1850
350
Discussion of the compromise
351
311 Completion of the compromise of 1850
352
377
353
Attempts to gain more slave territory
354
The KansasNebraska bill 1854
356
399
357
Reorganization of political parties
358
The struggle for Kansas 18551861
359
77
362
The case of Dred Scott 1857
363
461
364
172
366
370
367
The LincolnDouglas debates 1858
368
Union and slavery
369
Influence of John Browns raid 1859
370
325
371
The election of 1860
374
The Confederate States of America 329
375
124
377
Fundamental causes of secession
378
Slavery and state sovereignty versus nationality
379
332 Lincolns policy
380
Sumter
381
75
382
250
383
337 Resources of North and South
386
The southern armies 339 The northern armies
387
The navies the blockade
389
Foreign relations 18611865
390
Bonds and a national banking system
391
125
392
Critical situation at the North
394
393 394
395
407
396
CHAPTER XVII
399
Grants campaign in the West to February 1862
401
349
403
350
404
126
405
352
407
173
410
Events leading to emancipation
411
Emancipation
412
Chancellorsville Lees second invasion
414
Vicksburg
416
Operations around Chattanooga 1863
418
Naval operations 1864
419
The advance on Atlanta 1864
421
197
422
Sherman in Georgia and the Carolinas 366 The end of the
424
The people and Lincolns government
426
Summary of the campaigns
427
411 412
428
221
429
CHAPTER XVIII
431
The problem of reconstruction
432
380
443
381
444
382
445
383
447
384
448
386
449
222
451
341
452
PART V
453
282
454
128
456
251
477
198
485
508
486
387
491
79
493
509
495
CHAPTER XXI
497
175
499
429
501
Army administration and reform
507
80
508
The treaty of Paris 18981899
509
439
515
129
520
176
521
396
528
82
532
Business and Labor Controversies
534
83
538
Immigration 18641906
539
New states and new state constitutions
540
Changes in the suffrage and other state laurs
541
Education and taxation Legal rights of women
542
Growth of cities
544
398
545
Our land system
546
49
547
Miscellaneous
548
Changes of a century and a third
550
Important characteristics of American development
551
The central government
552
The unwritten constitution
553
Popular co÷peration in government 541 542 542 544 545 546 547 548 550 468 469 470 471 472 551 552 553
555
253
556
APPENDIX THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
559
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES i
559
vi
559
TABLE 1 THE PRESIDENTS II PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
559
50
559
JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT V THE STATES
559
THE TERRITORIES VII THE SECTIONS 17901860
559
389
559
130
559
179
559
275
559
182
559
283
559
317
559
168
559
432
559
277
xxxvii
278
xxxviii
279
xxxix
134
xlii
281
xliv
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Page 559 - The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States ; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State. SECTION. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion ; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the...
Page 559 - He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
Page 559 - No person held to service or labour in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labour, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due. Section 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State ; nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more...
Page 559 - Senators. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
Page 143 - Britain; and that the King's Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal and Commons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, had, hath and of right ought to have, full power and authority to make laws and statutes of sufficient force and validity to bind the colonies and people of America, subjects of the Crown of Great Britain in all cases whatsoever.
Page 559 - NEW YORK William Floyd Philip Livingston Francis Lewis Lewis Morris NEW JERSEY Richard Stockton John Witherspoon Francis Hopkinson John Hart Abraham Clark PENNSYLVANIA Robert Morris Benjamin Rush Benjamin...
Page 559 - States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President. The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.
Page 150 - Legislatures, where their right of representation can alone be preserved, in all cases of taxation and internal polity, subject only to the negative of their Sovereign, in such manner as has been heretofore used and accustomed.
Page 291 - In the discussions to which this interest has given rise, and in the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion has been judged proper for asserting as a principle in which the rights, and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.
Page 559 - Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.

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