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absolute action acts affirmation Anglo-Saxon become beliefs of crowds capable centuries changes characteristics of crowds civilisation classes consequence constitute contagion contrary crimes criminal despotism destroyed dogmas electors evoked example extreme fact factors Felix Pyat Ferdinand de Lesseps force France French French Revolution genius Ghengis Khan govern GUSTAVE LE BON Herbert Spencer hero heterogeneous crowds hypnotised ideal ideas illusions images imagination of crowds immense impression influence instincts institutions intelligence isolated individual Jacobins jury Latin laws leaders of crowds liberty magistrates massacre masses mental merely mind of crowds morality Napoleon nations necessary never observed opinions of crowds orator organised parliamentary assemblies Paul Bourget persons phenomena philosophers political popular possess power of crowds present prestige psychological crowd psychology of crowds race reason religious result Revolution Robespierre scarcely sentiments small number social strength striking success suggestion Taine tion to-day transformed truth unconscious universal suffrage vidual violent votes words
Page 26 - The sentiments and ideas of all the persons in the gathering take one and the same direction, and their conscious personality vanishes. A collective mind is formed, doubtless transitory, but presenting very clearly defined characteristics. The gathering has thus become what, in the absence of a better expression, I will call an organised crowd, or, if the term is considered preferable, a psychological crowd. It forms a single being, and is subjected to the law of the mental unity of crowds.
Page 36 - ... further tends to resemble by the facility with which he allows himself to be impressed by words and images — which would be entirely without action on each of the isolated individuals composing the crowd — and to be induced to commit acts contrary to his most obvious interests and his best-known habits. An individual in a crowd is a grain of sand amid other grains of sand, which the wind stirs up at will.
Page 36 - Isolated, he may be a cultivated individual; in a crowd, he is a barbarian - that is, a creature acting by instinct. He possesses the spontaneity, the violence, the ferocity and also the enthusiasm and heroism of primitive beings...
Page 17 - The divine right of the masses is about to replace the divine right of kings.
Page 32 - The decisionsJ^ ( affecting matters of general interest come to by an assembly of men of distinction, but specialists in different walks of life, are not sensibly superior to the decisions that would be adopted by a gathering of imbeciles. The truth is, they can only bring to bear in common on the work in hand those mediocre qualities which are the birthright of every average individual. In crowds it is stupidity and not mother-wit tKaFls accumulated.
Page 48 - As soon as a few individuals are gathered together they constitute a crowd, and, though they should be distinguished men of learning, they assume all the characteristics of crowds with regards to matters outside their specialty.
Page 29 - ... puts them in possession of a sort of collective mind which makes them feel, think, and act in a manner quite different from that in which each individual of them would feel, think, and act were he in a state of isolation.
Page 45 - A crowd, perpetually hovering on the borderland of unconsciousness, readily yielding to all suggestions, having all the violence of feeling peculiar to beings who cannot appeal to the influence of reason, deprived of all critical faculty, cannot be otherwise than excessively credulous. The improbable does not exist for a crowd, and it is necessary to bear this circumstance well in mind to understand the facility with which are created and propagated the most improbable legends and stories.