Conservation of Exploited Species

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John D. Reynolds, Georgina M. Mace, Kent H. Redford, John G. Robinson
Cambridge University Press, Oct 18, 2001 - Nature - 524 pages
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The use of wildlife for food and other human needs poses one of the greatest threats to the conservation of biodiversity. Wildlife exploitation is also critically important to many people from a variety of cultures for subsistence and commerce. This book brings together international experts to examine interactions between the biology of wildlife and the divergent goals of people involved in hunting, fishing, gathering and culling wildlife. Reviews of theory show how sustainable exploitation is tied to the study of population dynamics, with direct links to reproductive rates, life histories, behaviour, and ecology. As such theory is rarely put into practice to achieve sustainable use and effective conservation, Conservation of Exploited Species explores the many reasons for this failure and considers remedies to tackle them, including scientific issues such as how to incorporate uncertainty into estimations, as well as social and political problems that stem from conflicting goals in exploitation.
 

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Contents

Exploitation as a conservation issue
3
Can we exploit sustainably?
16
Populationbased approaches
39
The gospel of maximum sustainable yield in fisheries management birth crucifixion and reincarnation
41
Sustainable exploitation of fluctuating populations
67
The exploitation of spatially structured populations
87
The conservation of exploited species in an uncertain world novel methods and the failure of traditional techniques
109
Mammalian life histories and responses of populations to exploitation
168
The Allee effect a barrier to recovery by exploited species
280
Life histories and sustainable harvesting
300
Phenotypic and genetic changes due to selective exploitation
322
An ecosystem perspective on conserving targeted and nontargeted species
342
The halfempty forest sustainable use and the ecology of interactions
369
Conservation and resource use in Arctic ecosystems
423
Conservation out of exploitation a silk purse from a sows ear?
439
Getting the biology right in a political sort of way
461

Trade of live wild birds potentials principles and practices of sustainable use
181
Game vertebrate extraction in African and Neotropical forests an intercontinental comparison
202
Lessons from the plant kingdom for conservation of exploited species
241
From individuals to communities
256

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About the author (2001)

John Reynolds is a Reader in Evolutionary Ecology at the University of East Anglia, England. His research focuses on the evolution of reproductive behaviour and life histories with an emphasis on implications for conservation of marine and freshwater fishes. He was awarded the FSBI medal of the Fisheries Society of the British Isles in 2000, and is co-author of Marine Fisheries Ecology (2001) and co-editor of The Fish and Fisheries Handbook (2002).

Georgina Mace is the Director of Science at the Institute of Zoology, London. Her research concerns extinction risk assessment and she has had extensive involvement with the IUCN in developing systems for categorising the levels of threat used in Red Lists of threatened species. She was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 1998. She is co-editor of Creative Conservation (1994) and Conservation in a Changing World (Cambridge, 1999).

Kent Redford is Director of Biodiversity Analysis at the Wildlife Conservation Society, New York. His research interests focus on effects of human use on biodiversity conservation, parks and protected areas and wildlife use by indigenous peoples. He has also co-edited Neotropical Wildlife Use and Conservation (1991), Conservation of Neotropical Forests (1992) and Parks in Peril (1998).

John G. Robinson is Senior Vice-President and Director of International Conservation at the Wildlife Conservation Society, New York. His research examines impacts of hunting on wildlife, particularly in tropical forests. He has worked on the IUCN Sustainable Use Initiative and has has co-edited Neotropical Wildlife Use and Conservation (1991) and Hunting for Sustainability in Tropical Forests (2000).

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