After Chartism: Class and Nation in English Radical Politics 1848-1874
This book charts the course of working- and middle-class radical politics in England from the continental revolutions of 1848 to the fall of Gladstone's Liberal government in 1874. The author traces the genealogy of English radicalism from its roots in Protestant Dissent and the seventeenth-century revolutions, but also shows how this shared radical tradition was problematized by middle-class radicals' acceptance of classical liberal economics. She traces the lineaments of this divide by contrasting middle- and working-class responses to the continental revolutions of 1848-9, to the Polish and Italian nationalism of the 1860s, and to the Paris Commune in 1871. She argues that these years witnessed not the relentless liberalization of working-class radical protest in England, but rather a significant diminution of middle-class radicals' commitment to liberal economics. This accommodation contributed to the emergence of the 'New Liberalism' of the 1880s, and helped to shape middle- and working-class responses to the early socialist movement.
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English radical responses to the revolutions of 18481849
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Bourgeois radical nationalism and the working class 18481858
Nationalist fervour and class relations 18581864
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activities agitation analysis April argument aristocratic artisans Association Beesly Birmingham Reference Library BLPES bourgeois British Cambridge century Christian Socialists Cobden Committee Commune continental revolutions decade democ-soc Dilke efforts emigre England English national English radical tradition Ernest Jones February revolution force France Frederic Harrison French revolution French revolutionary G.J. Holyoake Garibaldi George Harney Harrison History Hungarian Ibid ideology industrial International internationalism internationalist Italian Italy James Stansfeld John Bright Joseph Cowen June Kossuth labour land late Chartist leaders liberal economics liberty Linton London Louis Blanc Manchester School manhood suffrage March Marx Maxse Mazzini meeting Melly mid-Victorian middle middle-class radicals middle-class reformers nationalist Newcastle Newspaper Parliament parliamentary party patriotic Polish political economy popular politics protest radical culture Reform League Reform Union republic republican revolutions of 1848 Reynolds's Richard Cobden sentiment social democratic Society speech sympathy tion trade union Victorian workers working-class radical WSRO