The Irish Crisis

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Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, 1848 - Ireland - 201 pages
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An excellent book to aid in the understanding of the situation regarding Irish land tenure prior to the potato famine and also gives an understanding of the Liberal/Whig attitude towards the landowners and the unemployed pauper class.

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Charles Edward Trevelyan = Mass Murderer......

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Page 197 - ... they say it is the fatal destiny of that land that no purposes, whatsoever are meant for her good, will prosper or take good effect, which, whether it proceed from the very genius of the soil or influence of the stars, or that Almighty God hath not yet appointed the time of her reformation, or that he reserveth her in this unquiet state still for some secret scourge, which...
Page 88 - This enterprise was in truth the " grandest attempt ever made to grapple with famine over a whole countryf." Organised armies, amounting altogether to some hundreds of thousands, had been rationed before; but neither ancient nor modern history can furnish a parallel to the fact that upwards of three millions of persons were fed every day in the neighbourhood of their own...
Page 197 - Marry, so there have been divers good plots devised, and wise counsels cast already about reformation of that realm ; but they say it is the fatal destiny of that land, that no purposes whatsoever which are meant for her good will prosper or take good effect ; which, whether it proceed from the very genius of the soil, or influence of the stars, or that Almighty God hath not yet appointed the time of her reformation, or that He reserveth her in this unquiet state still for some secret scourge, which...
Page 39 - I beheld, with sorrow, one wide waste of putrefying vegetation. In many places the wretched people were seated on the fences of their decaying gardens, wringing their hands, and wailing bitterly the destruction that had left them foodless.
Page 39 - ... the shipments from the Black Sea, Turkey and Egypt, to be sent to France, Italy, and Belgium ; and it was not till late in the season, that our prices rose to a point which turned the current of supplies towards England and Ireland. The Indian corn crop in the United States this year was very abundant, and it became a resource of the utmost value to this country.
Page 157 - The necessity of self-preservation, and the knowledge that rents can be saved from the encroachments of poor-rates, only in proportion as the poor are cared for and profitably employed, will secure a fair average good conduct on the part of landed proprietors, as in England, and more favourable circumstances will induce improved habits. The poor-rate is an absentee tax of the best description; because, besides bringing non-resident proprietors under contribution, it gives them powerful motives either...
Page 17 - Government has not, at certain times of it, entertained the most serious apprehension of famine. I am firmly convinced that from the year 1806 down to the present time, a year has not passed in which the Government has not been called on to give assistance to relieve the poverty and distress which prevail in Ireland.
Page 170 - ... on their estates, and they were assisted to the extent of the loan fund placed by Parliament at the disposal of the Government. The proprietor or his agent has the strongest interest in seeing that the work is well done, and can exercise the most effectual superintendence over it; and as the people are invited to exert themselves under the eye of their natural employers, the healthy relation of master and labourer becomes •established throughout the country. It has not, as yet, been usual in...
Page 58 - The attraction of money wages regularly paid from the public purse, or the " Queen's pay," as it was popularly called, led to a general abandonment of other descriptions of industry, in order to participate in the advantages of the Relief Works. Landlords competed with each other in getting the names of their tenants placed on the lists ; farmers dismissed their labourers and sent them to the works; the clergy insisted on the claims of the members of their respective congregations; the fisheries...
Page 42 - ... per quarter on every description imported after the 1st of February 1849. On the assembling of parliament in January 1847, two other Acts were passed" making further reductions in the duty on corn, and removing the restriction imposed by the Navigation Laws on the importation of corn in foreign vessels ; and shortly afterwards the whole duty on rice and Indian corn and Indian meal was suspended. In the early part of 1846, relief committees were formed throughout Ireland, under the superintendence...

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