The Elements of Greek Grammar: With Notes

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Cummings, Hilliard and Company, 1825 - Greek language - 271 pages

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Page 340 - X, mid otheis assert that e was lengthed before the liquid. But there were passages, to which even these, and similar expedients were inapplicable. A successful effort was made by the great Bentley to remove these embarrassments. — The restoration of the Digamma has at length vindicated the Poet, and displayed the harmonious beauties of his original versification.
Page 257 - The genitive is put with verbs of all kinds, even with those which govern the accusative, when the action does not refer to the whole object, but only to a pari ; as, Еuxа tfoi TUV ^fijfjiarojv.
Page 29 - ), the grave (' ), and the circumflex (").' The acute is placed on one of the three last syllables of a word. The grave is never placed but on the last syllable. The circumflex is placed on a long vowel or diphthong in one of the two last...
Page 256 - to upbraid the god on account of these things." Hence the genitive is found with verbs signifying " to accuse," " to criminate," with verbs of praying, with verbs of beginning, the genitive being that of the person or thing, on account of which the accusation is made, the prayer offered up, or the affair begun. So too the genitive stands alone in exclamations with and without an interjection, or a word that expresses admiration, indignation, compassion, &c.'; S3 AiroXXov, Tou ^atffAijfAитcj...
Page 229 - Defective tenses are supplied either from obsolete forms of the same Verbs, or from some other Verbs in use '. To assist the learner in tracing these tenses to their respective Themes or Roots, the following list has been compiled. It consists of analogies, as far as they can be applied to any species of Verbs ; but in general it contains the particular formation of each tense in common use. Of the following Verbs those, which are used only in the Present and Imperfect, will be found in the first...
Page 348 - Aristophanes, a gram marian of Byzantium, who lived about 200 years before the Christian aera. He probably first reduced them to a practical system, because some marks must have been necessary in teaching the language to foreigners, as they are used in teaching English. For the proper modulation of speech, it is necessary that one syllable in every wo:d should be distinguished by a tone, or an elevation of the voice.
Page 309 - Middle verbs of the THIRD CLASS, express an action •which took place at the command of the agent, or with regard to it ; which is expressed in English by,
Page 9 - Foi, or digamma, by splitting its upper part. This new letter was then placed after the T, while the F itself was omitted. 5. The lonians first adopted all the twenty-four letters, and of them first the Samians, from whom they were received by the Athenians ; but it was not till after the Peloponnesian War, in the archonship of Euclides (BC 403), that they were used in public acts. Hence the twenty-four letters are called 'laviita fp/шата, and the old sixteen 'Атпка ура/ицата.
Page 309 - Verb, with respect to whom it takes place ; so that Middle Verbs of this Class are equivalent to the Active Voice with the Dative of the reflexive Pronoun...
Page 142 - There are Two Augments ; the Syllabic, when the verb begins with a Consonant ; the Temporal, when the Verb begins with a Vowel 3.

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