Christosis: Pauline Soteriology in Light of Deification in Irenaeus and Cyril of Alexandria
The aim of this thesis is to explore whether and to what extent theosis helpfully captures Paul's presentation of the anthropological dimension of soteriology. Drawing methodologically from Gadamer, Jauss, and Bakhtin, we attempt to hold a conversation between Paul and two of his later interpreters--Irenaeus and Cyril of Alexandria--in order to see what light the development of deification in these later writers shines on the Pauline texts themselves. In Part 1 of the thesis, we analyse how Irenaeus and Cyril develop their notions of deification and how they use Pauline texts in support of their conclusions. Drawing from Ps 82 both writers ascribe to believers the appellation of 'gods', and they associate this primarily with Pauline texts that speak of the experience of immortality, sanctification, and being sons of God. As believers experience this deifying move the image and likeness of God is restored through a participatory relationship with God mediated by Christ and the Spirit. In Part 2 we then analyse the anthropological dimension of Paul's soteriology in Rom 8 and 2 Cor 3-5, with excursus on Gal 3-4, 1 Cor 15, and Phil 2-3. In the context of believers' restored divine-human relationship through Christ and the Spirit, Paul speaks of believers being conformed to the narrative of Christ's death and life, which culminates in an experience of divine and heavenly glory and immortality. In Part 3 we offer a comparison of patristic views of deification and Paul's soteriology. While differences are clear, we conclude that Paul's soteriology overlaps significantly with that of these two later interpreters, such that deification is an apt description of the anthropological dimension of his soteriology. At the same time, christosis is probably a better term in today's context to capture his distinct emphasis on embodying Christ's death and life.
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Adam Adam’s adoption anthropological argues aspects associated basis body Bultmann central chapter characterised Christ Christ’s death Christ’s image Christian Christology Colossians conformation to Christ’s context contrast Corinthians 15 corruption covenant creation Cyril of Alexandria death and resurrection deification deity distinction divine attributes Doutreleau duality embodied eschatological experience explicit explore ﬂesh focus focused future Galatians glory Gnostic God’s gods heavenly human Ibid immortality incarnation incorruption inﬂuence interpreters Irenaeus and Cyril James D.G. Jesus John justification language Litwa Lord metaphor ministry Mohr Siebeck moral enablement Moses N.T. Wright nature noetic notes ontological participation passage patristic writers Paul describes Paul presents Paul’s letters Paul’s soteriology Paul’s theology Pauline texts Phil Philippians primarily primary problem reading redemption reﬂects regard relationship restoration righteousness role Romans salvation Second Corinthians serves share somatic sons sonship speaks Spirit suffering T&T Clark Testament themes theosis tion traditions transformation University Press verse writes