Gods and Demons, Priests and Scholars: Critical Explorations in the History of Religions

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University of Chicago Press, Apr 16, 2012 - History - 228 pages
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Bruce Lincoln is one of the most prominent advocates within religious studies for an uncompromisingly critical approach to the phenomenon of religion—historians of religions, he believes, should resist the preferred narratives and self-understanding of religions themselves, especially when their stories are endowed with sacred origins and authority. In Gods and Demons, Priests and Scholars, Lincoln assembles a collection of essays that both illustrates and reveals the benefits of his methodology, making a case for a critical religious studies that starts with skepticism but is neither cynical nor crude.

The book begins with Lincoln’s “Theses on Method” and ends with “The (Un)discipline of Religious Studies,” in which he unsparingly considers the failings of uncritical and nonhistorical approaches to the study of religions. In between, Lincoln presents new examinations of problems in ancient religions and relates these cases to larger comparative themes. While bringing to light important features of the formation of pantheons and the constructions of demons, chaos, and the dead, Lincoln demonstrates that historians of religions should take religious things—inspired scriptures, sacred centers, salvific rites, communities graced by divine favor—as the theories of interested humans that shape perception, community, and experiences. As he shows, it is for their terrestrial influence, and not their sacred origins, that religious phenomena merit consideration by the historian. Tackling many questions central to religious study, Gods and Demons, Priests and Scholars will be a touchstone for the history of religions in the twenty-first century.

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1 Theses on Method
2 How to Read a Religious Text
3 Nature and Genesis of Pantheons
4 The Cosmologic of Persian Demonology
5 Anomaly Science and Religion
6 Between History and Myth
7 Poetic Royal and Female Discourse
8 Ancient and PostAncient Religions
10 Religious and Other Conflicts in TwentiethCentury Guatemala
11 In Praise of the Chaotic
12 Theses on Comparison with Cristiano Grottanelli
13 The Undiscipline of Religious Studies

9 Sanctified Violence

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About the author (2012)

Bruce Lincoln is the Caroline E. Haskell Professor of the History of Religions, Middle Eastern Studies, and Medieval Studies at the University of Chicago, where he is also an associate in the Departments of Anthropology and Classics. He is the author of nine books, most recently of Religion, Empire, and Torture: The Case of Achaemenian Persia, also published by the University of Chicago Press.

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