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alliance arms army attack battle bishops Bourbon brother captured Cardinal castle Catherine Catholic caused century Charles Charles II Christian Church clergy Colbert colonies commerce Cond6 council court Cromwell crown death declared defeated died Duke Duke of Anjou Duke of Guise Duke of Savoy Dutch edict Elector Elector of Saxony Elizabeth emperor empire enemies England English Europe Ferdinand fleet forced foreign France Frederick French gave Germany Guise Gustavus Henry Henry IV Henry VIII Holland house of Austria house of Bourbon Italian Italy king kingdom latter league liberty lords Louis XIII Louis XIV Luther Mary master Mazarin Medici menaced ministers Naples nation Netherlands nobility nobles Ottomans Paris Parliament peace Philip Philip II Poland political Pope possession prince Protestants provinces Prussia queen Reformation reign religious revolution Rhine Richelieu royal Savoy Saxony Scotland soldiers Spain Spaniards Spanish Sweden tion took treaty troops Venice victory wished
Page 308 - Indian islands, and acquired on the Flemish coast a fortress which consoled the national pride for the loss of Calais. She was supreme on the ocean. She was the head of the Protestant interest. All the reformed Churches scattered over Roman Catholic kingdoms acknowledged Cromwell as their guardian.
Page 296 - In November 1640 met that renowned Parliament which, in spite of many errors and disasters, is justly entitled to the reverence and gratitude of all who, in any part of the world, enjoy the blessings of constitutional government.
Page 440 - The old East India Company lost their business against the new Company, by ten votes in Parliament, so many of their friends being absent, going to see a tiger baited by dogs.
Page 517 - Innocent XI Alexander VIII Innocent XII Clement XI Innocent XIII Benedict XIII Clement XII Benedict XIV Clement XIII Clement XIV Pius VI Pius VII Leo XII Pius VIII Gregory XVI Pius IX Leo XIII St.
Page 308 - Augsburg, were secured from oppression by the mere terror of that great name. The pope himself was forced to preach humanity and moderation to popish princes. For a voice which seldom threatened in vain had declared that, unless favour were shown to the people of God, the English guns should be heard in the Castle of Saint Angelo.
Page 2 - Part I. Age of Despots. Part II. The Revival of Learning. Part III. The Fine Arts. Part IV. Italian Literature. With portrait of author. 2 vols. Part V. The Catholic Reaction. 2 vols. Symonds' (JA) Short History of the Renaissance in Italy.
Page 308 - Angelo. In truth, there was nothing which Cromwell had, for his own sake and that of his family, so much reason to desire as a general religious war in Europe. In such a war he must have been the captain of the Protestant armies. The heart of England would have been with him. His victories would...
Page 302 - England now seemed to die a martyr in the cause of those liberties. No demagogue ever produced such an impression on the public mind as the captive King who, retaining in that extremity all his regal dignity, and confronting death with dauntless courage, gave utterance to the feelings of his oppressed people, manfully refused to plead before a court unknown to the law, appealed from military violence to the principles of the constitution, asked by what right the House...