The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics
Authoritative and reliable, this A-Z provides jargon-free definitions for even the most technical mathematical terms. With 3,000 entries ranging from Achilles paradox to zero matrix, it covers all commonly encountered terms and concepts from pure and applied mathematics and statistics, for example, linear algebra, optimisation, nonlinear equations, and differential equations. In addition, there are entries on major mathematicians and on topics of more general interest, such as fractals, game theory, and chaos. Using graphs, diagrams, and charts to render definitions as comprehensible as possible, entries are clear and accessible and offer an ideal introduction to the subject. Useful appendices follow the A-Z dictionary and include lists of Nobel Prize winners and Fields' medallists, Greek letters, formulae, and - new to this edition - tables of inequalities, moments of inertia, Roman numerals, and more. This edition contains recommended web links at entry level, which are accessible and kept up to date via the Dictionary of Mathematics companion website. Fully revised and updated in line with curriculum and degree requirements this dictionary is indispensable for students and teachers of mathematics, and for anyone encountering mathematics in the workplace.
3-dimensional space algebraic algorithm angle antiderivative axis binary calculated Cartesian coordinate system Cartesian coordinates centre circle coefﬁcients column complex numbers constant coordinate system curve decimal deﬁned deﬁnition denoted derivative differential equation directed line-segment distance distribution edges element equal example ﬁeld Fields Medal ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁrst ﬂow force formula function f geometry given graph hyperbola HYPERBOLIC FUNCTION inﬁnite integer interval inverse inverse function length linear logarithmic mapping mass mathematician matrix mean measure method multiplication notation obtained operation parabola parameter particle perpendicular plane polar coordinates polygon polynomial position vector positive integer Preﬁx prime probability probability density function problem properties quadric radius random variable ratio real numbers reduced echelon form rigid body root sample satisﬁes scalar sequence signiﬁcant solution speciﬁed square statistics straight line subset Suppose surface symmetric tangent Theorem theory triangle trigonometric functions velocity vertex vertices zero