## The Concise Oxford Dictionary of MathematicsAuthoritative and reliable, this A-Z provides jargon-free definitions for even the most technical mathematical terms. With 3,000 entries ranging from Achilles paradox to zero matrix, it covers all commonly encountered terms and concepts from pure and applied mathematics and statistics, for example, linear algebra, optimisation, nonlinear equations, and differential equations. In addition, there are entries on major mathematicians and on topics of more general interest, such as fractals, game theory, and chaos. Using graphs, diagrams, and charts to render definitions as comprehensible as possible, entries are clear and accessible and offer an ideal introduction to the subject. Useful appendices follow the A-Z dictionary and include lists of Nobel Prize winners and Fields' medallists, Greek letters, formulae, and - new to this edition - tables of inequalities, moments of inertia, Roman numerals, and more. This edition contains recommended web links at entry level, which are accessible and kept up to date via the Dictionary of Mathematics companion website. Fully revised and updated in line with curriculum and degree requirements this dictionary is indispensable for students and teachers of mathematics, and for anyone encountering mathematics in the workplace. |

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### Contents

Dictionary | |

Table of areas and volumes | |

Table of centres of mass 3 Table of moments of inertia | |

Table of derivatives 5 Table of integrals | |

Table of common ordinary differential equations and solutions | |

Table of series | |

Table of convergence tests for series | |

Table of common inequalities | |

Table of trigonometric formulae | |

Table of symbols | |

Table of Greek letters | |

Table of Roman numerals | |

Table of Fields Medal Winners | |

### Common terms and phrases

addition algebraic angle applied axes axis base body calculated called centre circle coefficient column common complex condition considered constant continuous coordinates corresponding curve defined denoted derivative direction distance distribution edges element equal equation example exists expressed figure force formula function geometry given gives graph important infinite integer interval inverse known length limit linear mapping mass mathematician mathematics matrix mean measure method motion moving multiplication normal notation observations obtained operation origin particle particular perpendicular plane polynomial positive possible prime probability problem properties random variable real numbers relation relative represent result root sample sequence shown sides solution space square statistics straight Suppose surface taken Theorem theory triangle true unit usually variable vector vertex vertices written zero