Wages and Earnings of the Working Classes: Report to Sir Arthur Bass, M.P.

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J. Murray, 1885 - England - 151 pages

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Page 4 - Is the present system or manner whereby the products of industry are distributed between the various persons and classes of the community satisfactory ? Or, if not, are there any means by which that system could be improved?
Page 129 - The figures show the wages earned per week of 60 hours np to 1874, and of 56$ hours since : MILL A. This is a large mill, and the weavers' earnings per week are arrived at by taking the total earnings of the shed and dividing that sum by the number of weavers employed. The reduction in earnings of weavers in 1870 was due to the fact that the material used at that time was not so good as that in use immediately before and since. MILL B. MILL C. In 1850 a weaver received $2.51 for attending to one...
Page 32 - With the enormous increase of wealth in the United Kingdom, the position of the working classes has likewise greatly improved. In a large number of instances working men of 1857 have become middle-class men of 1884. Many a workman of that day has now a shop or an hotel, has money in the bank or shares in shipping or mills.
Page 38 - A sudden increase of wages, as in the colliery districts in 1872-3, may find the recipients utterly unprepared for their good fortunes. And so we have heard of miners indulging in champagne wine, and of puddlers purchasing for themselves sealskin waistcoats. But reason speedily asserts her higher sway. The housewife eagerly arrests a portion of the higher wages to furnish the bare rooms, to fill the empty cupboard, and to clothe the children. Little by little, as the novel condition with its bountiful...
Page 41 - Twould ruin undertakers quite. This evil, therefore, to prevent, He wisely changed their element: On earth the God of Wealth was made Sole patron of the building trade; Leaving the Wits the spacious air, With license to build castles there: And 'tis conceived their old pretence To lodge in garrets comes from thence. Premising thus, in modern way, The better half we have to say; Sing, Muse, the house of Poet Van, In higher strains than we began. Van (for 'tis fit the reader know it...
Page 32 - ... in shipping or mills. Cases of rising from the ranks are by no means so rare as we might imagine. But working men of the present day are much better off than they were twenty-seven years ago, for all wages are higher. In 1857 the wages of common labourers were 15s. to 17s. a week; now they are from 20s.
Page 98 - Society has been instituted for three objects : 1st. To board, lodge, clothe, and forward to their homes, or to their nearest consuls, if foreigners, all wrecked seamen or other poor persons of all nations.
Page 44 - ... they have made by hard treatment of their workmen, thus perhaps earning a reputation for great munificence. No serious improvement will take place in the continuity of employment, or the rate of wages, or the well-being of the working classes, until public opinion treats the wealth of the capitalist as a fund entrusted to him by society, to be administered for the benefit of society, and more especially of that particular group of workers for which he is responsible. I say his wealth, not his...
Page 39 - ... the well-being of the working classes ? 3. How far, in what manner, and by what means would the more general distribution of capital contribute, or not contribute, to (a) an increase in the products of industry ? (b) the well-being of the classes dependent upon the use of capital 1 (Co-operative production, profit-sharing, &c.) 4.
Page 37 - ... of them. The new hope, the enlarged opportunity, would make the better elements among them self-respecting and frugal ; their leisure would not all go to the uses of the flesh. The most careful English student of this question, Professor Leone Levi, bears this testimony : " As a rule, and in the long run, scarcity, low wages, and scantiness of food go hand in hand with high mortality, drunkenness, and crime ; while abundance, high wages, and full consumption go hand in hand with low mortality,...

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