Military and Society in 21st Century Europe: A Comparative Analysis
Jürgen Kuhlmann, Jean Callaghan
LIT Verlag Münster, 2000 - Political Science - 340 pages
After the Cold War came to an end, European countries in both East and West faced the common question of how their military organizations and those of their neighbors would respond to shifts in international relations affecting their economies, their perception of globalized threats, and cross-national security management. It is undisputed, for example, that in well-developed democratic societies, the challenge to the legitimacy of the military in society, the decreasing subjective apprehension of threat, and growing opposition to systems of universal conscription have been linked to gains in wealth and living standards. This volume seeks, by empirically measuring social indicators, to assess the current state of civil-military relations in a number of countries in Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Russia) as well as the state of relations in several of their Western European counterparts (France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands). The country studies describe and analyze the differing positions of the military in their specific national settings.
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ReNationalization of Military Strategy? New Challenges for the Armed Forces in a Changing Global Environment
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES COUNTRY CASE STUDIES
Bulgarian Armed Forces after the 1997 Elections Opportunities for and Challenges to Genuine Reform
CivilMilitary Relations in Modern Society The Czech Case
Transforming the Defense Sector in a New Democracy CivilMilitary Relations in Hungary Facts and Tendencies
Coping with the Peace Dividend Germany and its Armed Forces in Transition
France Farewell to the Draft and All That
Italy and its Military Toward a New Deal
The Netherlands Armed Forces An Organization Preparing for the Next Century
LESSONS LEARNED THE CIVILMILITARY COMPLEX
The Military in CommonRisk Societies Elements of Comparison among Nine Countries of West Central and East Europe
Issues Guiding Questions and Variables
Romania A Delayed Modernization
The Military and Society in PostCommunist Russia at the Threshold of the 21st Century
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activities armed forces Army basic Bulgaria Bundeswehr career Chechnya Christopher Dandeker citizens civil civil-military relations civilian Cold War command communist concept conflict conscientious objectors conscripts Constitution context cooperation corps countries cultural Czech Republic defense budget democracy democratic economic elections ethnic Europe European Federal foreign former France functions German global Gulf War Hungarian Hungary increase institutions integration issues leadership major Martin Shaw military personnel military service million Minister Ministry of Defense missions modern nation-states national security NATO NCOs Netherlands nuclear objectors officers operations organizational parliament parliamentary participation parties Partnership for Peace peace peacekeeping political population positive postmodernity problems professional public opinion rank recent recruitment reform risk role Romanian Russian schools sector security policy social soldiers Soviet strategic structure territory threat traditional trend troops Union units volunteer Warsaw Pact Western Zivildienst
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