The Other Iraq: Pluralism and Culture in Hashemite Iraq
The Other Iraq challenges the notion that Iraq has always been a totalitarian, artificial state, torn by sectarian violence. Chronicling the rise of the Iraqi public sphere from 1921 to 1958, this enlightening work reveals that the Iraqi intellectual field was always more democratic and pluralistic than historians have tended to believe.
Orit Bashkin demonstrates how Sunni, Shi'i, and Kurdish intellectuals effectively created hyphenated Iraqi identities, connoting pride in their individual heritages while simultaneously appropriating and integrating ideas and narratives of Arab and Iraqi nationalism. Illustrating three developmental stages of Iraqi intellectual history, she follows Iraqi intellectuals' changing roles, from agents of democracy, to specialists who analyze the population, to deeply entrenched members of society committed to change. Based on previously unexplored material, this eye-opening work has significant contemporary implications.
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Abu Nuwas Ahali group Ahmad Akkoyunlu Al-‘Iraq Al-Adab Al-Ahali Al-Dijla al-Din Al-Hatif Al-Istiqlal al-Sayyab al-Sayyid Arab intellectuals Arab nationalism Arab Revolt Ayyub Azzawi Baghdad Bashkin Basra Batatu Bedouins British Chadirchi colonial communists critical critique cultural democracy democratic discourse Egyptian elites Fahd Faysal Hashemite Husayn Husri Ibrahim important Iraq’s Iraqi education Iraqi governments Iraqi intellectuals Iraqi Jews Iraqi national Islamic Isma‘il Ja‘far Jama‘at al-Ahali Jamali Jamil Jewish Jews journal journalists Kerkük Kurdish Kurds leaders Ministry of Education modern Muhammad Mahdi al-Jawahiri nahda Najaf narratives nationalists newspapers Nuri Old Social Classes Ottoman Palestine Palestinian Pan-Arab Party peasants poem poetry poets policies political politicians public sphere published Records of Iraq reform regime religious revolt rural Sawt al-Ahali Sayyab schools Shahrastani Shawkat sheikhs Shi‘i society state’s story Sunni Syria teachers tion tribal tribes tribesmen Turkish wa’l Wathba writers Yusuf Salman Yusuf Zionism Zu‘aytar