Handbook of Compressed Gases

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 30, 1999 - Science - 703 pages
In the field of compressed gases and related equipment, there is an expanding core of essential knowledge that people handling and using these materials should be familiar with or should know where to find. The focus ofthis book concerns the properties and the accepted means oftransportation, storage, and handlingofcompressed gases. This handbook is simultaneously intended as an overview ofthe subject and a source ofsupplementary information. It is also intended to serve as a guide to perti nent federal regulatory requirements and published standards of the Compressed Gas Association and other standards-developing organizations. The Association advises readers that the CGA technical publications remain the official statement ofpolicy on a particular matter. Reference is made throughout this text to the numerous technical publications published by the Compressed Gas Association. Some ofthese publications have been incorporated by reference into federal, state, provincial, and local regulations. Since the CGA publications are reviewed on a periodic basis, whenever the textofthis handbook conflicts with corresponding information in the CGA technical pamphlets, the most recently printed material shall take precedence.
 

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This Fourth Edition brings the reader up to date on gas technologies and equipment that have evolved since the Third Edition was published in 1990. It is both a comprehensive overview and a source reference for supplementary data on every aspect of handling gases in compressed, liquefied, and cryogenic forms. Properties, safety considerations, equipment, and regulations relevant to compressed gases are all addressed. The Fourth Edition gives information relating to current standards from the various standards developing organizations in the field, as well as the latest shipping requirements, storage and handling procedures and uses. The Fourth Edition ofHandbook of Compressed Gasesis the only compressed gas reference that combines gas-specific information on 66 compressed gases, including physical constants, handling, storage and transportation, and safety requirements as well as comprehensive, detailed information on valves and pressure relief devices, cylinder maintenance, bulk containers and transportation, and oxygen cleaning. The handbook has been reformatted to present information in a more ordered, logical sequence, using specific labeling and marking information to make the Fourth Edition even more useful than its predecessor. This new edition includes: The latest changes in DOT regulations (HM-206, HM-215A, HM-215B), Exposure limits set by ACGIH and OSHA which have been reviewed and updated, New developments in safety equipment, along with the latest training requirements to mitigate a compressed gas incident. Since this handbook is not product-specific, it contains coverage of gases across the spectrum of the industry - not just those produced by one manufacturer. It is a ready source of useful information on natural gases, refrigerants, medical gases, atmospheric gases, and equipment and systems for oxygen service. All professionals whose work includes the manufacture, handling, or use of gas will find the Fourth Edition ofHandbook of CompressedGasesextremely valuable. It serves the needs of engineers, technicians, researchers, maintenance personnel, health specialists, transportation directors, purchasing agents, hazardous materials officials, and chemical han 

Selected pages

Contents

Compressed Gases Today
3
Safety Considerations for Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Liquids
16
Regulations Pertaining to Compressed Gases
40
General Properties of Gases
50
Compressed Gas Cylinders Regulators and Valves
69
Bulk Containers for Compressed Gases
81
Handling Bulk Shipments of Liquefied Compressed Gases
98
Pressure Relief Devices
117
Hydrogen Chloride
444
Hydrogen Fluoride
451
Hydrogen Sulfide
458
Liquefied petroleum gases
488
Methane
498
MAPP Gas
503
Methylamines
507
Methyl Bromide
519

Cylinder Valve Cylinder Ancillary Equipment and Bulk Transfer Connections
137
Compressed Gas Cylinders Markings Labeling Visual Periodic Qualifications Filling and Disposition
169
Cleaning Components Equipment and Systems for Oxygen Service
198
Compressed Gases and Gas Mixtures Properties Manufacture Uses and Special Requirements for Safe Handling
221
Acetylene
225
Air
234
Ammonia
241
Argon
262
Arsine
268
Boron Trichloride
274
Boron Trifluoride
280
13Butadiene Butadiene
287
Carbon Dioxide
295
Carbon Monoxide
312
Chlorine
318
Diborane
332
Dichlorosilane
338
Ethane
345
Ethylene
351
Ethylene Oxide
357
Fluorine
364
Fluorocarbons
372
Helium
418
Hydrogen
425
Hydrogen Bromide
438
Methyl Chloride
525
Nitric Oxide
533
Nitrogen
538
Nitrogen Dioxide
545
Nitrogen Trifluoride
552
Nitrous Oxide
558
Oxygen
565
Ozone
573
Phosgene
578
Phosphine
585
Rare Gases
592
Silane
603
Sulfur Dioxide
608
Sulfur Hexafluoride
613
Vinyl Chloride
613
Gas mixtures
613
Appendices
625
Glossary of Technical Terms
627
Technical Symbols and Abbreviations
633
Acronyms
634
Conversion Factors
636
State Regulatory Agencies and Codes
639
Publications of the Compressed Gas Association
662
Index
675
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