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LIST OF BIBLIOGRAPHIES
By Z N BROOKE Litt D F B A Fellow of Gonville
Early stages of lay patronage
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able alliance already appeared appointed Archbishop army attack attempt authority became bishops brother brought cause century chief Church claims commune conquest Conrad continued Council Count crown Crusade death decrees defeat died diet direct duchy Duke ecclesiastical effect election Emperor Empire enemies England especially established expedition favour finally followed force France Frederick further gave Germany given granted Greek Gregory Gregory VII Guiscard hand held Henry Henry's imperial important independent influence interests Italian Italy king kingdom lands later leader leading legates March Mayence Muslim nobles Norman obtain once Otto Papacy papal party peace Pope position possession prevented princes probably received recognised reform refused regarded remained restored result revolt Robert Roger Roman Rome royal Saxony seems Sicily side soon South success taken territory took towns whole