This book unites lexicography with theoretical linguistics. The two fields tend to ignore each other: lexicographers produce dictionaries, linguists grammars. As a result grammars and dictionaries are often discordant and sometimes glaringly incompatible. In Systematic Lexicography JuriApresjan shows the insights linguistics has to offer lexicography, and equally that the achievements and challenges of lexicography provide a rewarding field for linguistic inquiry. The author presents the vocabulary of a language as a complicated system reflecting a specific view of the world. He does so within an integrated theory of language, in which grammatical and lexical meanings, and the conceptualizations underlying them, blend and interact. Each lexeme, he argues, isa point of intersection of various lexicographic types classes of lexemes with shared semantic, syntactic, pragmatic or mental properties, that are sensitive to the same rules, and which should thus be uniformly described in the dictionary. When any lexeme is viewed against the whole set oflinguistic rules, new facets emerge, and these reveal, he shows, key characteristics of words that dictionaries do not currently record. Professor Apresjan not only presents an original, unified theory of language, inspired by the Moscow school of semantics. He also works out its consequences and describes the problems he faced in applying it to the description of Russian. The reader will find that travelling with the author throughRussian semantic space is both enlightening and entertaining. The books wealth of lexical facts, illuminated by systematic thought, give it unique character and importance: it will be of great interest to theoretical linguists and to all concerned with writing of dictionaries as well as tosemanticists and students of Russian.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
English Synonyms and a Dictionary of Synonyms
z Types of Information in a Dictionary of Synonyms
schitat to consider and its
znat to know and its Synonyms
Metaphor in the Semantic Representation of Emotions
On the Language of Explications and Semantic Primitives
Other editions - View all
action activity addressee adjectives adverbs Anna Wierzbicka Apresjan budet Bulgakov bylo chto chto vy chtoby clause co-occurrence collocations complex consider construction context copula denoting described dictionary entry dictionary of synonyms dumat emotions eshche etom example explication expressed fact factive feeling given grammatical ia schitaiu khochu khotet language lexeme lexical meanings lexicographic portrait lexicographic types linguistic main phrasal stress mechtat Mel'cuk menia metalanguage metaphor modal frames naive nakhodit neutral noun object one's onyms perception person polagat polysemy possible preposition properties prosodic rassmatrivat rheme Russian Russian language schitat semantic components semantic distinctions semantic primitives sense sentences signifies similar situation smotret smth speaker speech speech acts strakha stylistic synonym series syntactic tion tol'ko usmatrivat usually utterance uzhe vedat verb byt videl videt vyiti vyshel vyshla Wierzbicka wish words zhalovat'sia zhazhdat zhdat zhelat znaet znat zone