Systematic Lexicography

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Oxford University Press, 2000 - Foreign Language Study - 304 pages
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This book unites lexicography with theoretical linguistics. The two fields tend to ignore each other: lexicographers produce dictionaries, linguists grammars. As a result grammars and dictionaries are often discordant and sometimes glaringly incompatible. In Systematic Lexicography JuriApresjan shows the insights linguistics has to offer lexicography, and equally that the achievements and challenges of lexicography provide a rewarding field for linguistic inquiry. The author presents the vocabulary of a language as a complicated system reflecting a specific view of the world. He does so within an integrated theory of language, in which grammatical and lexical meanings, and the conceptualizations underlying them, blend and interact. Each lexeme, he argues, isa point of intersection of various lexicographic types classes of lexemes with shared semantic, syntactic, pragmatic or mental properties, that are sensitive to the same rules, and which should thus be uniformly described in the dictionary. When any lexeme is viewed against the whole set oflinguistic rules, new facets emerge, and these reveal, he shows, key characteristics of words that dictionaries do not currently record. Professor Apresjan not only presents an original, unified theory of language, inspired by the Moscow school of semantics. He also works out its consequences and describes the problems he faced in applying it to the description of Russian. The reader will find that travelling with the author throughRussian semantic space is both enlightening and entertaining. The books wealth of lexical facts, illuminated by systematic thought, give it unique character and importance: it will be of great interest to theoretical linguists and to all concerned with writing of dictionaries as well as tosemanticists and students of Russian.
 

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Contents

English Synonyms and a Dictionary of Synonyms
3
z Types of Information in a Dictionary of Synonyms
55
schitat to consider and its
144
znat to know and its Synonyms
186
Metaphor in the Semantic Representation of Emotions
Z-3
On the Language of Explications and Semantic Primitives
Z-15
Lexicographic Portraits A Case Study of the Verb byt to be
Z-31
A Lexicographic Portrait of the Verb vyiti to emerge come out
Z-61
References
Z-79
Index of English Lexemes
Z-87
Subject Index
Z-99
Copyright

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About the author (2000)


Professor Ju. Apresjan is Head of the Department of Theoretical Semantics, Russian Language Institute, RAS, and Principal Researcher at the Institute for Information Transmission Problems, RAS.

Dr Kevin Windle is Reader in the Department of Classical and Modern European Languages, Australian National University.

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