Behavioral Economics and Public Health

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Christina A. Roberto, Ichiro Kawachi
Oxford University Press, Sep 1, 2015 - Medical - 384 pages
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Behavioral economics has potential to offer novel solutions to some of today's most pressing public health problems: How do we persuade people to eat healthy and lose weight? How can health professionals communicate health risks in a way that is heeded? How can food labeling be modified to inform healthy food choices? Behavioral Economics and Public Health is the first book to apply the groundbreaking insights of behavioral economics to the persisting problems of health behaviors and behavior change. In addition to providing a primer on the behavioral economics principles that are most relevant to public health, this book offers details on how these principles can be employed to mitigating the world's greatest health threats, including obesity, smoking, risky sexual behavior, and excessive drinking. With contributions from an international team of scholars from psychology, economics, marketing, public health, and medicine, this book is a trailblazing new approach to the most difficult and important problems of our time.
 

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Contents

1 An Introduction to Behavioral Economics and Public Health
1
2 Intertemporal Choices for Health
27
 Forming and Changing Habits
69
 Extending the Appraisal Tendency Framework to Improve Health and Healthcare
101
5 Social Norms Beliefs and Health
133
 The Importance of Memorability and Actionability
161
7 Nudging Individuals Toward Healthier Food Choices With the 4 Ps Framework for Behavior Change
177
8 Incentivizing Health Behaviors
203
 Moving From Cant to CAN
237
 Dispatches From the Front Lines
265
 Multilevel Theory and the Political Economy of Health Behaviors
299
Index
343
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About the author (2015)

Christina A. Roberto, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Medical Ethics & Health Policy at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. She is a psychologist and epidemiologist whose research aims to identify, understand, and alter the environmental and social forces that promote unhealthy eating behaviors linked to obesity and eating disorders. In her work, she draws upon the fields of psychology, behavioral economics, marketing, and public health to answer research questions that can provide policymakers and institutions with science-based guidance. Ichiro Kawachi, MD, PhD, is the John L. Loeb and Frances Lehman Loeb Professor of Social Epidemiology and Chair of the Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, where he has taught since 1992. He has previously coedited Social Epidemiology, Neighborhoods and Health, Globalization and Health, and the Oxford Handbook of Public Health Practice, all published by Oxford University Press. Kawachi lectures about social epidemiology through the Harvard University Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) platform, edX. His course, "Health and Society" (PHx 201), is a version of the class that he has taught for twenty years at Harvard. In 2013-1014, 35,000 students from all over the world were enrolled in the MOOC course.

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