A Mission to a Mad County: Black Determination, White Resistance and Educational Crisis in Prince Edward County, Virginia
This dissertation explores the high water mark of southern resistance to the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education: the five-year abolition of public education in Prince Edward County, Virginia. Through interrogating the "culture of civility" that guided this bureaucratic, legalistic strategy of defiance, it argues that both massive resistance and the unique trajectory of events in Prince Edward County are not the anomalies in Virginia history that state boosters suggest, but rather logically consistent outgrowths of a coherent political tradition known as "the Virginia Way." When blacks chose to step outside of the traditional channels of "managed race relations," white Virginians struck back in a manner consistent with their determination to maintain white supremacy without condoning a rise in vigilantism that might have threatened elites' control over the mechanisms of political power.
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MASSIVE RESISTANCE AS AN ORGANIC
THE PRINCE EDWARD SCHOOL FOUNDATION
AFSC STAFF MEMBERS AND THE WHITE
THE RESUMPTION OF PUBLIC EDUCATION
Academy action Adams to Fairfax African American AFSC Archives AFSC staff members April attended August Bagwell black community Board of Supervisors Boyte to Fairfax Citizens civil rights Closed Their Schools College county’s Court Darden demonstrations desegregation Fairfax and Moffett Fairfax Personal Files Farmville Farmville Herald federal Folder Foundation Francis Griffin Free Schools funds Griffin Hampden-Sydney Helen Baker high school host families ibid integration interracial January Jean Fairfax Personal June leaders Longwood massive resistance meeting Moton High NAACP Papers Nancy Adams Negro noted Number organization parents participants PEC Collection PECCA Peeples Placement Project Questionnaires political Prince Edward County Prince Edward School private school public education public schools race racial reopened residents Richmond Times-Dispatch Ruth Turner S.W. Tucker School Board school system segregation segregationists September Smith social southern Southside Sponsoring Committee state’s Sullivan teachers teenagers transcript tuition grants Vanden Heuvel Virginia White Supremacy