Pesticides: Thirty Years Since Silent Spring

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DIANE Publishing, 1992 - Science - 22 pages
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Page 14 - Program and with programs of toxicological testing established under the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act.
Page 14 - Pesticides: Need to Enhance FDA'S Ability to Protect the Public From Illegal Residues (GAO/RCED-87-7, Oct.
Page 23 - Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), EPA is required to evaluate the risks and benefits of a proposed pesticide before it is registered for use. Registrations are basically licenses for specific' uses of a pesticide product that State terms, conditions, and cautions of these uses. More recently, the FIFRA Amendments of 1988 (known as FIFRA '88) imposed mandatory time frames and provided resources to help accelerate the reregistration of older pesticides, including...
Page 18 - Need to Improve Regulatory Enforcement Procedures Involving Pesticides" (B-133192, Sept. 10, 1968) and "Need to Resolve Questions of Safety Involving Certain Registered Uses of Lindane Pesticide Pellets" (B-133192, Feb. 20, 1969). FIFRA provided that the Administrator of EPA could issue a cancellation notice whenever it appeared that a registered pesticide no longer met the safety and effectiveness...
Page 27 - A decision on whether to place 2,4-D in Special Review because of possible cancer risk will not be made until late 1991 when one remaining epidemiological study is completed and the entire human and animal cancer study undergoes extensive peer review. Last year EPA estimated that a Special Review decision would not be made until late summer 1990. Furthermore, as part of the reregistration of 2,4-D, EPA has also called for additional laboratory testing for birth defects and other potential long-term...
Page 13 - ... reregistration activities and provided for fees to help fund these activities. Two kinds of fees will be paid by the pesticide industry — a reregistration fee for each active 2Pesticides: EPA's Formidable Task to Assess and Regulate Their Risks (GAO/RCED-86-125, Apr. 18, 1986), and Federal Reregistration of Pesticides and Reassessment of Tolerances Will Extend Into the 21st Century (GAO/T-RCED-87-27, June 8, 1987).
Page 2 - Approximately 25,000 pesticide products containing some 750 active ingredients are registered on the market today; 19,000 of these products need to be reregistered. While the agricultural sector is by far the major user of pesticides, accounting for 75 percent of the volume used, pesticides are also used in many other places, such as hospitals, restaurants, public parks, and the home. While pesticides are recognized as an important component in meeting the increasing demand for food and in the fight...
Page 14 - Better Coordination Is Needed Between Pesticide Misuse Enforcement Programs and Programs for Certifying and Training Individuals to Apply Pesticides (GAO/RCED-83-169, July 1, 1983).
Page 14 - Pesticides: EPA's Formidable Task to Assess and Regulate Their Risks (GAO/RCED-86-125, Apr. 18, 1986) . Food Inspections: FDA Should Rely More on State Agencies (GAO/HRD86-2, Feb.
Page 11 - Environmental Enforcement: EPA Needs a Better Strategy to Manage Its Cross-Media Information (GAO/IMTEC-92-14, Apr. 2, 1992). Food Safety: USDA's Data Program Not Supporting Critical Pesticide Decisions (GAO/T-IMTEC-92-9, Mar. 11, 1992). Food Safety: USDA Data Program Not Supporting Critical Pesticide Decisions (GAO/IMTEC-92-11, Jan.

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