The Bulgarian-Byzantine Wars for Early Medieval Balkan Hegemony: Silver-Lined Skulls and Blinded Armies
This book provides an interpretive narrative of the wars fought by Bulgaria against the Byzantine Empire for dominant control of the Balkan Peninsula during the early medieval era. Over a span of two centuries, from the early ninth through the early eleventh, and under the leadership of the Bulgarian rulers Krum, Simeon I, and Samuil, those conflicts evolved from simple confrontations for territorial possession into a life-or-death struggle for imperial precedence within the Orthodox world then emerging in Eastern Europe—a struggle that the Bulgarians ultimately lost. The primary focus is on Bulgaria, rather than Byzantium, and an effort is made to provide a historically reliable chronology of the assorted campaigns. The various belligerents’ military organizations, defensive technologies, armaments, and tactics are surveyed in an introduction to the main narrative. A prelude chapter sets the stage for the hegemonic conflict, which was divided into three distinct phases by interludes of relative peace between the contending parties, during which Bulgaria’s domestic, foreign, and cultural developments shaped the nature and conduct of the fighting in each successive phase.
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Establishment and Survival of the Bulgar State 679803
Chapter 3 Krums Campaigns of Expansion 809814
From Bulgar Stateto Bulgaria 816893
Chapter 5 Simeons Campaigns for Imperial Recognition 894927
From Wary Peace Through Rus Intervention 927971
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Adrianople allies Anatolian Arabs army army’s Avar Balkan Mountains Basil Basil II battle bolyari border Boris Boris’s Bozhilov and Gyuzelev Bulgar Bulgarian ruler Bŭlgariya BVIF Byzantine sources Byzantium camp campaign capital captured cavalry century chap Christian city’s commander Constantine Constantinople Danube Danubian Plain defeat Dobrudzha Dyrrakhion Early Medieval Balkans eastern efforts elite emperor empire empire’s enemy fortress garrison Gavril Radomir Greek Haldon hegemonic wars History IBDSV ibid imperial Ivan Vladislav Krum Krum’s land leadership Leo the Deacon Leo’s Macedonia Magyars military Mystikos Nikephoros Nikephoros’s northern Ohrid Omurtag operations Orthodox Ostrogorsky Pannonia peace Pechenegs Petŭr Phokas Pliska Preslav raids Raška Raškan regions River Roman Runciman Samuil Serbian Serbs Serdika siege Simeon Sklaviniai Skylitzes Slavic Slavs Sofia Sofia Basin Sophoulis southern Sredets state’s steppe strategos Struma Svyatoslav tagmatic territories themes Theophanes Thessaloniki Thrace Thracian threat throne tion Treadgold treaty troops tsar Tzimiskes victory walls warriors western zlatarski zonaras