Sex in Revolution: Gender, Politics, and Power in Modern Mexico
Jocelyn H. Olcott, Mary Kay Vaughan, Gabriela Cano
Duke University Press, 2006 - History - 320 pages
Sex in Revolution challenges the prevailing narratives of the Mexican Revolution and postrevolutionary state formation by placing women at center stage. Bringing to bear decades of feminist scholarship and cultural approaches to Mexican history, the essays in this book demonstrate how women seized opportunities created by modernization efforts and revolutionary upheaval to challenge conventions of sexuality, work, family life, religious practices, and civil rights.
Concentrating on episodes and phenomena that occurred between 1915 and 1950, the contributors deftly render experiences ranging from those of a transgendered Zapatista soldier to upright damas católicas and Mexico City’s chicas modernas pilloried by the press and male students. Women refashioned their lives by seeking relief from bad marriages through divorce courts and preparing for new employment opportunities through vocational education. Activists ranging from Catholics to Communists mobilized for political and social rights. Although forced to compromise in the face of fierce opposition, these women made an indelible imprint on postrevolutionary society.
These essays illuminate emerging practices of femininity and masculinity, stressing the formation of subjectivity through civil-society mobilizations, spectatorship and entertainment, and locales such as workplaces, schools, churches, and homes. The volume’s epilogue examines how second-wave feminism catalyzed this revolutionary legacy, sparking widespread, more radically egalitarian rural women’s organizing in the wake of late-twentieth-century democratization campaigns. The conclusion considers the Mexican experience alongside those of other postrevolutionary societies, offering a critical comparative perspective.
Contributors. Ann S. Blum, Kristina A. Boylan, Gabriela Cano, María Teresa Fernández Aceves, Heather Fowler-Salamini, Susan Gauss, Temma Kaplan, Carlos Monsiváis, Jocelyn Olcott, Anne Rubenstein, Patience Schell, Stephanie Smith, Lynn Stephen, Julia Tuñón, Mary Kay Vaughan
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Amelio Robless Transgender Masculinity in the Mexican Revolution
Modern Women and Their Enemies Mexico City 1924
Film Representation by Emilio El Indio Fernández
Reshaping the Domestic Sphere
Divorce and Revolutionary State Formation in Yucatán
Gender Class and Anxiety at the Gabriela Mistral Vocational School Revolutionary Mexico City
Adoption and Public Welfare Mexico City 19381942
The Gendered Realm of Labor Organizing
Gender and Industrial Modernization in the Textile Industry in Postrevolutionary Puebla
Women and Revolutionary Politics
Mexican Catholic Womens Activism 19171940
Women on Mexicos Popular Front
Reframing the Nation from Below
Gender Chaos and Authority in Revolutionary Times