A Natural History Of Fossils, Volume 1, Issue 1

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L. Davis and C. Reymers, 1757 - Paleontology - 294 pages
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Page 63 - ... all reddish, but some lighter coloured than others, under which there is a thin stratum of red sandstone, which they break through ; and then for the depth of about seven or eight yards more, you have sand again, and after that come to fullers...
Page 120 - Besides, this and all like sorts of stone that are composed of granules, will cut and rive in any direction: as well in a perpendicular, or in a diagonal, as horizontally and parallel to the site of the strata.
Page 250 - Stone to lie upon another; not jointing with flat Surfaces, for when you force one off the other, one of them is always Concave in the middle, the other Convex.
Page 248 - ... feet deep ; and above that a stratum of upright pillars. Above these pillars lies another stratum of black stone 20 feet high ; and above this is again another stratum of upright pillars rising in some places to the top of the cliffs, in others not so high, and in others again above it, where they are called the Chimneys.
Page 63 - ... earth ; the upper layer of which, being about a foot deep, they call the cledge; and this is by the diggers thrown by as useless, by reason of its too great mixture with the neighbouring sand, which covers, and has insinuated itself among...
Page 64 - Crop ; betwixc which and the Cledge above mentioned, is a thin Layer of Matter not an Inch in Depth, in Tafte, Colour, and Confiftency, not unlike to Terra Japonica. The lower half of the Layers of Fullers- Earth, they call the Wall- Earth ; this is untinged with that red above-mentioned, and feems to be the more pure and fitter for Fulling ; and underneath all is a Stratum of white rough Stone, of about two Foot thick, which, if they dig through, as they very feldom do, they find Sand...
Page 35 - ... us with the fineft and beft ingredients. On this principle it is evident, that no fpecies of...
Page 229 - Some persons that are less skilful in these matters fancy these scapi that occur in most of the larger gothic buildings of England are artificial, and will have it that they are a kind of fusil marble cast in cylindric moulds.
Page 272 - I went about a mile to the fouth-eaft, to the quarries of gra. nite ; for the country to the eaft, the bed of the river, and the iflands, are all red granite. The quarries are not worked in deep : but the ftone is hewn out of the fides of the low hills. I obferved fome columns and an obelifk marked out in the quarries, and fhaped on two fides : they feemed to have worked in round the ftones with a narrow tool, and when the ftones were almoft feparated, they probably forced them out with large wedges....
Page 64 - Fulling ; and underneathall is a Stratum of white rough Stone, of about two Foot thick, which, if they dig through, as they very feldom do, they find Sand again, and then is an End of their Works. One Thing is obfervable in the Site of this Earth, which is, that it...

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